Chi-Divine and Universal
"In Tantrism, a practice of using the body for spiritual transformation found in Buddhism and Hinduism, 'the body, the earth, nature, etc., are associated with the divine feminine, with shakti, and the aim is to unite it, or bring it into harmony with consciousness, with shiva, the male principle.' Shakti is the power or energy of God, the divine feminine. The equivalent of Chi in yoga is the Sanskrit term prana, which means 'life energy' or 'breath.' Shakti would be the source of prana. within Taoism, Chi will not be called Divine per se, because Divine implies a certain otherness in the universe. Taoists only acknowledge Tao, which is at once the universe and at the same time what composes the universe, Chi. 68 Hindus speak of the Divine, surging, mothering energy as Shakti. Shakti is the feminine aspect of God and the word means 'energy' or 'power.' It is not the power of the female in particular. It is all divine power and energy, and it is conventionally said to be an attribute of the Goddess. In Sanskrit and Hindi, the root of Shakti is the helping verb that means 'to be able.' The energy to do anything is Shakti. In the theological realm, when one speaks of the kinetic energy of God in the world, nourishing, enabling, kindling, breathing, moving in life and in death-this is Shakti."
Chi-Divine and Universal
The world is becoming more and more globalized, resulting in local cultures that are increasingly multireligious, multilingual, and multicultural. In this context, it is important to recognize the differences between people and the similarities among cultures and religions. This world is filled by the Spirit and the Spirit needs to be recognized by people of various cultures. Besides ruach, pneuma, and Chi, there are other terminologies in various cultures that also capture this idea of Spirit/ Breath of God. As we examine the religions found in different parts of the world, we do not find many spirits; we find various names for the Spirit.
Let us turn to other understandings of the Spirit around the globe to see if they share similarities with ruach and Chi. The West has typically given into structure (and to essentialist forms of thought) while Eastern thought- and this is a broad generalization, to be sure- typically thinks more in terms of vitality, energy, and relation. For example, perhaps a reason Westerners often find texts like the Analects of Confucius difficult to read is that such works often posit connections between things that the Western mind usually views as separate and unrelated.
This notion of the Spirit giving life to creatures is not exclusively a Christian belief and understanding but is found in many other cultures around the globe. Associating Spirit with breath is common and is found in many parts of the world. The breath of life was interpreted by the ancients as the act of breathing, which indicates life. Genesis 2: 7 gives the following account of God creating man: "Then the Lord God formed man of the dust of the earth, and blew into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul." The connection between human life and the breath of God, as viewed in the Bible, may have roots tracing back to the cradles of civilization in Egypt and Mesopotamia. Many inscriptions from ancient Babylon attest to the deity being the source of the Spirit that gives life to humankind. This Spirit of life is exhaled from the deity's mouth into other creatures in order to give them life. An ancient Sumerian-Akkadian hymn addresses the god Marduk with the words: "Your speech is a sweet breath, the life of the lands." 51 Thus perhaps the Christian tradition finds it roots in Egypt and Mesopotamia, which makes us question the purity of the Christian tradition and whether there was borrowing of religious and divine terms from surrounding religious traditions and cultures.
Chi is the cosmic energy that is present in the world and is mentioned or captured in the majority of world religions. It is in the realm of this Spirit that all religions open themselves and reach out to be related to other religions. Spirit is the foundational and transcendental level on which all religions could meet and remain related. To the extent of our capacity to experience the Spirit, we can be authentic followers of the religion of our choice and practice. 52 The religions all lead to the Divine and we need to understand that the Spirit in each is from the same source- God. Chi is everywhere. It dwells in everything in the universe.
Chi as Sacred
Many ethnic groups have concepts similar to Chi thus making connections between Chi and the Divine or sacred. The Egyptians call it Ka, the Hebrew have ruach, the Japanese have ki, 53 the Indians call it prana, and the Igbos of Nigeria call it Chi. 54 For the Igbos , Chi is best translated as "god,""guardian spirit," "God," or allied theistic concepts. In the sense of God, as in Christianity, some of the exponents claim that Chi is synonymous with Chukwu and Chineke, which are presented as identical accurate Igbo denotations for the "Supreme Being." 55 Just as the Christian God is understood as the Spirit, many cultures and religions also link Chi to the Divine.
There is an underlying understanding that the Spirit is connected to or is the Divine in many religions and cultures. An indigenous religion that is common to many colonized people is shamanism. Shamanism is found in almost every continent as the oldest religion. It speaks untold truths and has been a means of spirituality, of connecting with the spirit world. Primordial shamanistic Chi existed in relation to animistic polytheism, worshipping wind, cloud, tree, and other natural phenomena. 56
The shaman is often mythologized by Western thinkers as a necessarily culturally conservative figure of indigenous societies. Shamanism remains essential as an indigenous preserver of cultural tradition in many forms. Shamans have been viewed as resisters to Christian influence, as upholders of unchanged traditions, and as an obstacle to biomedicine and medical "progress." Often, Westerners view shamanism as a static cultural form. 57
The concept of Chi is not limited to Asia, but is also found in many parts of the world. In the Western tradition, the idea of Chi has a long history and can be traced to the sixth century BCE when Anaximenes of Miletus taught that everything emerges from breath that condenses into matter and finally all things dissolve back into breath-like energy again. This cosmic energy has resurfaced from time to time in Europe. In the eighteenth century, Franz Mesmer claimed to utilize what he called "Animal magnetism." In the following century, Karl von Reichenbach spoke of the "odic force," and in the twentieth century Wilhelm Reich professed to harness "orgone energy." The idea of a universal cosmic energy that creates and destroys still lives on in the popular consciousness of Britain. 58
Similar expressions of the Spirit are also found in Akkadian literature: "May your sweet breath waft hither," or "Always seek the sweet breath of the gods." These close parallels come from the El-Amarna letters, in a phrase actually addressed to the king: "[Who can live] when breath does not issue forth from the mouth of the king, his lord?" 59 Furthermore, similar views are found in ancient Egypt in praise of Isis coming with her tremendous powers including that of speech, which is perceived as the life-giving breath of the deity of humankind. A more striking illustration is provided by the words of the Egyptian king's addresses to the god Amon: "Your color is light, your breath is life.... your body is a breath of spirit for every nostril, we breathe through you in order to live." 60 This common notion of the deity giving breath and life may have been a common understanding in various religious traditions surrounding the cultural forerunners of the Abrahamic faiths.
The Breath of God (Ruach Ha Kodesh in Hebrew, Spiritus Sancti in Latin) is synonymous with the power of Spirit. A similar idea is expressed in the holy scripture of Islam, the Qur'an (Koran). The words nafas, meaning Allah's own breath, and ruh, meaning Allah's own soul, "Are used to mean the human breath and human soul- confirming the fact that we are originally from Allah, of Allah, for Allah, and in the end will return to Allah." 61 Shaykh Hakim Moinuddin Chishti says that "Breath" is not the same as air or oxygen. Rather it is a divine energy that regulates human emotions and the equilibrium of the body; both the quantity and quality of breath have a definite and direct effect upon human health. 62 This connection of Spirit, breath, and Allah provide more evidence of a global understanding of the Spirit.
In Greek, the vital breath is called pneuma, a word first used by the philosopher Anaximenes (ca. 545 BCE). Anaximenes said that life begins with the breath. All things come from it and dissolve into it at death. The soul is breath and is that which controls and "holds together" and prevents the disintegration or decomposition of human beings. As air or wind, it encloses and maintains the world. Vital breath creates a unity between microcosm and macrocosm. The life principle and motive force of humanity is, traditionally, pneuma or the breath-soul: therefore the life principle of the outside world is pneuma. 63
In many African cultures, the word is different, but the concept is the same. Among the Kung San, the indigenous people of Africa's Kalahari Desert, life energy is num. The num is stored in the lower abdomen and at the base of the spine and can be made to "Boil" though ecstatic dance. The "num enters every part of your body, right to the tip of your feet and even your hair." 64 Num makes the spine tingle and the mind empty, without thoughts. The healer or healers "see people properly, just as they are." 65 Like modern physicians, the Kung believe that people carry illness within the body. Like Chi, when disease flares up, it can sometimes be cured by accumulating num, increasing the inner reserve of healing power. 66 This reinforces the notion that healing occurs within as people aim to understand how the Divine resides within us. People need to make the connection and understand that the healing power can come from within us through the deity.
In Tantrism, a practice of using the body for spiritual transformation found in Buddhism and Hinduism, "The body, the earth, nature, etc., are associated with the divine feminine, with shakti, and the aim is to unite it, or bring it into harmony with consciousness, with shiva, the male principle." 67 Shakti is the power or energy of God, the divine feminine. The equivalent of Chi in yoga is the Sanskrit term prana, which means "life energy" or "Breath." Shakti would be the source of prana. within Taoism, Chi will not be called Divine per se, because Divine implies a certain otherness in the universe. Taoists only acknowledge Tao, which is at once the universe and at the same time what composes the universe, Chi. 68 Hindus speak of the Divine, surging, mothering energy as Shakti. Shakti is the feminine aspect of God and the word means "energy" or "power." It is not the power of the female in particular. It is all divine power and energy, and it is conventionally said to be an attribute of the Goddess. In Sanskrit and Hindi, the root of Shakti is the helping verb that means "to be able." The energy to do anything is Shakti. In the theological realm, when one speaks of the kinetic energy of God in the world, nourishing , enabling, kindling, breathing, moving in life and in death-this is Shakti.
The ancient seekers and sages of the Upanishads were relentless questioners, exploring the limits of both outer and inner space. Who are we human beings, really? Really we are atman, the soul. The word atman also means "Breath," but not literally the breath of respiration. That is called prana, a coarser breath. The awareness of prana, however, is but a vehicle for the realization of atman. Breath, prana, is a powerful image of the spark of life within, for truly when breath departs we die. Living beings are called prani, literally "those who breathe." Prana is so important that it is explicitly and provocatively set side by side with atman in the Kaushitaki Upanishad: "I am the breathing spirit [prana], the intelligential self [prajnatman]. As such, revere me as life, as immortality. Life is the breathing spirit. The breathing spirit, verily, is life. The breathing spirit, indeed, is immortality. For, as long as the breathing spirit remains in this body, so long there is life" (3: 2). 69
In India, the life energy, prana, is described as flowing through thousands of subtle-energy veins, the nadis. One of the goals of yoga is to accumulate more prana through breath control exercises (pranayama) and physical postures (asana). The student is also taught to conserve prana, not to waste either his inborn, genetic store or that acquired through meditation. Some yogis believe that we are given a certain number of breaths at birth. If we learn to breathe more slowly, we use up our endowment at a slower pace and thus live longer. Furthermore, some fifty or sixty thousand years ago, long before the Chinese spoke of Chi, Australian Aborigines were cultivating life energy as a key to healing and spiritual power. People who had this energy could communicate telepathically across vast distances and in this manner, they formed the "Aboriginal telephone line." The Aborigines concentrated on an energy center four inches below the navel, where they said the cord of the great Rainbow Serpent (kundalini) lay coiled. Through the same center the Aborigines drew body heat from the "rainbow fires" that helped them endure cold. 70
In the Lakota (Sioux) language, the word for soul, waniya, is derived from the word for breath, ni. In 1896, the Lakota holy man Long Knife (George Sword) described to others that "A man's ni is his life. It is the same as his breath. It gives him his strength. All that is inside a man's body it keeps clean. If it is weak it cannot clean the inside of the body. If it goes away from a man he is dead." 71 The Lakota sweat lodge healing rite is called inipi because it purifies the ni. "Inipi causes a man's ni to put out of his body all that makes him tired, or all that causes disease, or all that causes him to think wrong." 72 Inipi is a purifying process that gets rid of the unnecessary ni to make the person stronger and healthier. This is similar to the role of Chi, as ni is understood to give life and health.
The Japanese also have a similar term and call this energy ki. This ki is part of other words such as reiki and aikido, which readily deal with this energy. Very often this energy is connected in the external world with wind and internally with breath. In Hawaii, the word for breath is ha. Many visitors to Hawaii are presented with a flowery wreath and the greeting Aloha, which is translated, "meeting face to face (alo) of the breath of life (ha)." 73 This is the same kind of breath that is captured by the Chinese word Chi.
Chi is believed to be the energy that is connected in the external world with wind and internally with breath. For thousands of years this wind has formed the physical and spiritual life of the peoples of the Pacific. The wind in Hawaii almost always blows from the East, and is strong, steady, and insistent. The ancient Hawaiians called it ha, the breath of God, which is very similar to the Old Testament understanding of ruach, which is breath or God's breath. In Hawaiian mythology, wind heralded Lono, the god of storm and rain and hence of fertility. Like Ezekiel and Job in the Old Testament, the Pacific peoples have known that God often speaks from the whirlwind. Theirs is a faith shaped by I, a word drawn from two roots combined to mean "In the presence of wind, breath, or spirit." In Hawaii, to speak of God means necessarily to be open to the often disturbing and life-giving wind of the Spirit. 74 Thus God and Spirit become undeniably connected and intimately related. 75 With aloha, the breath or Chi is given and received during a greeting. This important connection between breath and Spirit is also found within the Christian tradition. God's ruach or breath was given to God's people to give life.
In Hawaii, the most powerful healers are known as Kahuna Ha, "Masters of the Breath." The sacred healing breath, ha, can be absorbed at power places in nature heiau, through dance (such as the hula), and deep breathing exercises. Some Kahunas learn to store healing energy in the heart. Then, when the healing energy is projected through laying on of hands, the ha is colored by the healer's love and positive thoughts. In traditional Hawaiian counseling and mediation, all parties in a conflict first calm their minds by breathing deeply. This helps them to be less reactive and to find a better solution. The ha can also be transferred from a healer to a patient by blowing directly on the patient's body. When a Kahuna Ha is near death, he or she may transfer lineage and power by breathing the ha onto a student or family member. The Hawaiian word, aloha, which is often used as a respectful, heartfelt greeting, also means "love." Love is the "meeting face-to-face" (alo) of the breath of life (ha). 76 Many cultures have words to express the similar ideas of breath, life, and vital energy that are expressed by the Christian understanding of the Holy Spirit and the Chinese understanding of Chi. So is it one Spirit or many?
Kim, Grace Ji-Sun, The Holy Spirit, Chi, and the Other
Palgrave Macmillan Monographs (2011-09-20) pp. 23-28 Kindle Edition.
50 . Lee, The I Ching and Modern Man, 93.
51 . Admiel Kosman, "Breath, Kiss and Speech as the Source of the Animation of Life: Ancient Foundations of Rabbinic Homilies on the Giving of the Torah as the Kiss of God," in Self, Soul and Body in Religious Experience, ed. A.I. Baumgarten, J. Assmann, and G.G. Stroumsa Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, (1998), 100.
52 . Joseph Pathrapankal, "Editorial," Journal of Dharma 23, no. 3 (1998): 300.
53 . Nikem L. Emeghara, "The Igbo Concept of Chi: The Destiny Spirit," Journal of Dharma 23 (1998): 399.
54 . Cook , "Alternative and Complementary Theologies," 176.
55 . I. Chukwukere, "Chi in Igbo Religion and Thought: The God in Every Man," Anthropos 78 (1983): 520.
56 . Shin, "The Life-Giving Spirit," 96.
57 . Shane Greene, "The Shaman's Needle: Development, Shamanic Agency and Intermedicality in Aguaruna Lands, Peru," American Ethnologist 25, no. 4 (1998): 9.
58 . Cook , "Alternative and Complementary Theologies," 176.
59 . Kosman , "Breath, Kiss and Speech as the Source of the Animation of Life," 101.
60 . Ibid., 101.
61 . Shaykh Hakim Moinuddin Chishti, The Book of Sufi Healing Rochester, VT: Inner Traditions , (1991), 123 as quoted by Kenneth S. Cohen, The Way of Qigong: The Art and Science of Chinese Energy Healing New York: Ballantine Books, (1997), 23.
62 . Cohen, The Way of Qigong, 23.
63 . Ibid., 24.
64 . Richard Katz, Boiling Energy Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, (1966), 42.
65 . Ibid., 42.
66 . Cohen, The Way of Qigong, 24.
67 . Wayne Teasdale, Toward a Christian Vedanta: The Encounter of Hinduism and Christianity According to Bede Griffiths Bangalore, India: Asian Trading Corporation, (1987), 147.
68 . Bede Bidlack, "Qi in the Christian Tradition," Dialogue and Alliance 17, no. 1 (2003): 53.
69 . Diana L. Eck, Encountering God: A Spiritual Journey from Bozeman to Banaras Boston: Beacon Press, (1993), 123, 124.
70 . Cohen, The Way of Qigong, 25, 26.
71 . James R. Walker, Lakota Belief and Ritual Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, (1980), 83.
72 . Ibid., 83- 84.
73 . Cook , "Alternative and Complementary Theologies," 176.
74 . Belden C. Lane, "The Breath of God: A Primer in Pacific/ Asian Theology," Christian Century, 107 no. 26 (1990): 833.
75 . Cook, "Alternative and Complementary Theologies," 176.
76 . Cohen, The Way of Qigong, 26.
Amazon Product Review
"Are there correlations between the Holy Spirit of the Christian tradition and the Chi of the Asian traditions? In tackling this huge and complex question Kim boldly and provocatively opens up whole new vistas on pneumatology and shows that in our global age theology can no longer be done from just one, up to now Eurocentric and androcentric, perspective. We are all in Kim's debt for this enlightening and enriching theological adventure." - Peter C. Phan, The Ignacio Ellacuria Chair of Catholic Social Thought, Theology Department, Georgetown University
"Any pluralist Christian may draw energy and insight from Kim's comparative theology of Chi. She offers a spirited strategy, always clear and hopeful, for at once decolonizing our old exclusivism and empowering a fresh and healing planetary cooperation." - Catherine Keller, Professor of Constructive Theology, Drew Theological School; author of On the Mystery: Discerning Divinity in Process
"The Holy Spirit, Chi, and the Other is well researched, theologically creative, interdisciplinary, and cross-cultural. The book is rich in both content and meaning. Kim's sophisticated treatment of the Spirit is a welcome addition to the growing literature on Global Theology. This book will be extremely useful for students and scholars in religious studies, theology, and cultural studies. It is a telling testimony to Kim's intellectual vitality, fine scholarship, and daring originality." - Akintunde E. Akinade, Visiting Professor of Theology, Georgetown School of Foreign Service, Doha, Qatar
"It is in taking just such a wide angle view of its subject, and doing it with considerable attention to detail, that The Holy Spirit, Chi, and the Other maps out a rich landscape for further exploration. It will be an excellent resource for students and teachers, and a very helpful point of departure for scholars in theology, religious studies, and social and cultural criticism." - Stephen Simmons, Moravian Theological Seminary
"Whether one agrees ultimately with Kim, The Holy Spirit, Chi, and the Other does the hard work of bringing Christian theology into dialogue with Eastern traditions. In an increasingly shrinking global village, Christians can no longer avoid doing theology only with Western resources. Kim provides one model of how this essential work is to be done. May many others take up this important task." - Amos Yong, J. Rodman Williams Professor of Theology, Regent University School of Divinity
"I highly recommend Kim's work as a fine piece of the kind of contextual theology we very much need today in the area of the Holy Spirit and Chi, given the widespread awareness and culture of Chi in so many parts of the world, especially in East Asia. She should be complimented on a very promising pioneering work." - Anselm K. Min, Dean and John D. and Lilian Maguire Distinguished Professor of Religion, The School of Religion, Claremont Graduate University
Most helpful customer reviews on Amazon.com
New Look at Enriching our Idea of the Holy Spirit.
By B. Maroldon October 11, 2011 - Published on Amazon.com
Dr. Kim's book addresses the post-colonial dialectic between the center versus the marginal, the coming together versus the preservation of identity, and what insights that Eastern understandings of Chi (wind, breath) can offer to our often neglected third of the Trinity, the Holy Spirit. Feminist and other contextualist theologies devalue the un-knowable, transcendental aspects of Christian philosophy, inherited from Plato, and sustained up until Kant's critique. They also abhor the negation of self found in Kenosis. To preserve the self and celebrate the praxis required by the conditions in which we find ourselves, Dr. Kim raises the banner of the ancient disciplines of China, India, Japan, and Korea in understanding that way in which the spirit acts on and with us. The Christian scriptures say much about the healing power of the spirit, yet they say not one jot or tittle regarding how it is that happens, possibly due to the scripture's devaluing the physical, the "flesh". Eastern thought never makes that separation, so it devotes deep thought to Chi as a vital spirit, and thousands of years of praxis on physical disciplines treating the "whole person" such as acupuncture and Tai Chi.
Please note: I am a student of Dr. Kim, and I assisted to some extent in helping to edit this book.
boundary crossing book
By farinelon December 14, 2012 - Published on Amazon.com
Dr.Kim sets the agenda for the coming century of theological research by boldly urging that reflection and catechisis draw on the "hybridity" characteristic of today's world. She challenges the legacy of an attenuated and vapid platonism within christian tradition, with its implied denegration of the body. As a leader of adult education classes in a very multicutural parish, i find her concepts refreshing and liberating. As a deep reader of Calvin, i am delighted that dr. Kim, an ordained minister in the Presbyterian church, shares Calvin's belief that we cannot know who is "saved"; she suggests with PANNIKAR that revelation is complex and infinite, not bound to western categories of thought , and always opening us to freedom and newness. In that sense she breaks new ground, as Amos Yong has done, in the emerging and exciting field of pneumatology.
An Accessible Pneumatology
ByJ Choon April 17, 2012 - Published on Amazon.com
Dr. Kim does a comprehensive work in presenting the multi-layerd connections between Holy Spirit and Chi. It's highly technical, but still accessible and compelling. Her incorporation of an Eastern notion of "spirit" thickens and deepens the Christian theological understanding of Holy Spirit in practical ways. These days when so many cultures and religions are interfacing on a regular basis it is refreshing to have a resource that does so honestly, articulately, and courageously. There's no loss of authenticity or faithfulness to Christian faith here, nor any inkling of dilution, which is often a concern for those who criticize inter-religious dialogue. This is the age of the Holy Spirit, and engaging and allowing ourselves to be open to the work of the Holy Spirit is crucial for the sake of God's Kingdom.
"The Kundalini rises through a very thin line of Brahmanadi. In the beginning only a hair like thing rises, it pierces through. In some people, of course, in a big way it rises also. And then it pierces this fontanel bone area which is a real baptism, real. Today only people felt the cool breeze coming out of their heads. Can you do that by jumping, or by paying money? They felt the cool breeze in the hand. It's written in the Bible, even in the Bible very clearly, that it's the cool breeze. Cool breeze is the sign of the Holy Ghost. You start feeling the cool breeze in your hands and you start feeling the cool breeze on your head. This is the actualization."
"The Spirit resides in our heart; it's the reflection of God Almighty. In Sanskrit language, this aspect of God which is all- pervading and is the first and the last, is called as Sadashiva; is the Father, who does not incarnate. We say Yehovah, we can say, or the God who does not incarnate. This great aspect which encompasses everything ultimately and also manifests everything is the reflection within our heart as the Spirit. This aspect is just the witness aspect; it witnesses the play of its power, the Primordial Power, the Holy Ghost, to see what is created by Her. He's the only enjoyer of the game. He sees the game, the Leela, the fun. She organises everything, it is She who gets divided into three powers, it is She who creates the whole universe, it is She who gives us this evolution, it is She who makes us human beings and it is She who has to make us the higher human being. That's the Holy Ghost, the Primordial Holy Ghost and the reflection of that is this Kundalini within us."
Sat-Chit-Ananda, Houston, Texas, Oct 7, 1981
"It is a difficult subject to talk about Adi Shakti because it's not easy to understand that Adi Shakti is the power of Sadashiva. Sadashiva is the God Almighty. She is His breath, as they some people call it. Some say She is the desire and some say that She is the entire power of Sadashiva and Sadashiva cannot do anything without Her powers."
Adi Shakti Puja, Cabella Italy, May 25, 1997
The Paraclete Shri Mataji Interviewer: "Shri Mataji, you are called 'Mother.' And, it seems in the Hindu tradition there's a special context or meaning of the word 'Mother'. What is this meaning?"
"You see, in the Indian philosophy, even in the Christian philosophy it is so, but it has been little bit changed. If you read the books of Essene, you will find they have described the "Mother." You see, the Holy Ghost is The Mother. When they say about the Holy Ghost, She is The Mother. But how can you have... You must reason it out. How can you have a father and a son without a mother?
It's a, you see, simple thing like that. You see, so it's The Mother only. Holy Ghost is very important. So, Holy Ghost is The Mother, you see. It's absurd thing, I mean, to have such a thing. Even homosexuals cannot have children. It's funny thing, isn't it. Absolutely absurd! But Christians accepted this. I don't know why. Why didn't they go into find out what is this Holy Ghost business is? They said, "It's a mystery." How can you say it's a mystery? When you cannot explain then better not say anything about it. So, Holy Ghost is something hanging in the air. No one knows; it's a mystery, and the rest of it is the father and the son. It's absurd!
Now, the principle of Mother is in every, every scripture — has to be there. Now, The Mother's character is that She is the One Who is the Womb, She is the One Who is The Mother Earth and She is the One Who nourishes you. She nourishes us, you know that. And, this feminine thing in every human being resides as this Kundalini, as you have seen. And, when She rises, She gives you this new awareness which becomes compassion, which is flowing, which becomes soothing, nourishing energy of love."
Radio Interview Santa Cruz USA--1983 Oct 01
The Devi Gita is the Goddess' verbatim answers to questions on moksa i.e., the knowledge that liberates.
"Less well known than the Bhagavad Gita (The Song of the Lord), both in India and the West, the Devi Gita nonetheless serves, for certain Hindus who see ultimate reality primarily in terms of a divine and beneficent mother, as the supreme scripture, complementing and completing all others. Indeed, the Goddess herself in the Devi Gita frequently quotes from the Bhagavad Gita, as well as from other Hindu scriptures, but with the understanding that all such passages ultimately point to her as the Absolute.
The gitas of the Goddess and of the Lord are songs in a rather special sense: as philosophical and devotional poems in the form of dialogues between a divine teacher and her or his disciple(s). In the Bhagavad Gita, it is the Lord Krsna who responds to the queries of the dejected and reluctant warrior Arjuna as he is about to enter an internecine struggle with a rival family clan. This struggle between the Pandava's (Arjuna's clan) and the Kauravas is the subject of the great Hindu epic, the Mahabharata, of which the Bhagavad Gita is a small part. The Bhagavad Gita, placed in the tension-filled moments just prior to the beginning of battle, focuses on the various moral and spiritual dilemmas faced by Arjuna. Krsna, serving as Arjuna's charioteer, surveys with his despondent student the two armies drawn up for battle and reveals the necessity of the war and of Arjuna's participation in it. In the process Krsna explains the nature of existence, human nature, and the solution to human suffering, summarizing in due course the major religious ideals of Hindu culture.
In the Devi Gita, it is the World-Mother Bhuvanesvari who expounds similar metaphysical truths to her devotee, the Mountain-King Himalaya, in the midst of an assembly of gods. While the occasion for the Devi's revelations is ostensibly prompted by a crisis in the fortunes of the gods, their celestial home being overrun by the demon Taraka and his army , the dramatic, epic context of the Bhagavad Gita is largely missing. The real motivation behind Himalaya's questions to the Goddess are simply his own devotion to her and his desire for liberating knowledge. His thirst for spiritual wisdom is quite disconnected from any specific impending worldly (or celestial) catastrophe.
The revelations of the Goddess in the Devi Gita, like those of Krsna in the Bhagavad Gita, take two complementary forms: the disclosure of her primary visual or iconic manifestations (darsana), recounted in chapters 1 and 3, and her teachings (upadesa), constituting the bulk of chapters 2 through 10. Her explanations of creation and other cosmological matters are the focus of chapters 2 and 3. Her exposition of the various spiritual disciplines, such as the paths of knowledge (Jnana Yoga), psychophysical training (the Eight-limbed Yoga of Patanjali and Kundalini Yoga) and devotion (Bhakti Yoga), are the concerns of chapters 4 through 10. These teachings elucidating the human predicament are themselves illuminated by the iconic displays, which serve to reveal various aspects of the divine personality of the Goddess and her relationship to the world and humankind.
The manifestation of the Goddess in her highest iconic form, as the lovely four-armed Bhuvanesvari, clearly emphasizes her benign nature. The most detailed visual description of Bhuvanesvari in the Devi Gita (1.31-41) stresses her divine beauty and charm, her compassionate face, and her gracious disposition. She is dressed in red, the color of auspiciousness and life. Prominent among her identifying marks are her three playful eyes and four hands, two of which carry a noose and a goad, the other two gesturing her beneficence and granting of fearlessness. A modern devotee affirms that these 'four hands which represents dharama, artha, kama and moksa,' that is, her eagerness and power to bestow the four chief ends of human existence (virtue, wealth, pleasure, and liberation).
A lower but rather more awesome iconic form of the Goddess revealed in the Devi Gita (3.22-38) is her manifestation as the Viraj, the brilliant Cosmic Body of the world, in which the whole universe appears as part of her majestic, lordly body. Such a cosmotheistic vision emphasizes the ultimate unity of the Goddess and the manifest world.
In addition to the iconic manifestations and their interrelated teachings, the Devi Gita includes two brief but important hymns of praise (stotras). Each is offered to the Goddess by the gods as they behold her two most magnificent forms, as Bhuvanesvari and as the Viraj, in awe-struck response to receiving these gracious visions of the Devi. These hymns draw heavily from other scriptural sources, including Arjuna's own wonder-filled praise of Krsna after viewing the latter's terrifying cosmic form in the Bhagavad Gita. The hymns of the Devi Gita, praising and describing the supreme reality, summarize and affirm the central revelations of the Goddess herself.
C. MacKenzie Brown, The Devi Gita: The Song of the Goddess
State University of New York Press (September 1998) pp. 2-4
October 23, 2017
Yahoo forum post # 18807
Note: The word verbatim is emphasized to underpin the fact that it is not a third-party or witness account. Thus one can be assured of originality.
I also want to stress the fact that the Devi's incarnation as the Paraclete Shri Mataji continues that role of liberation. However, this time the Divine Mother reveals that central role in all the scriptures--Torah, Bible, Quran, Guru Grant Sahib, Tao Te Ching, Prajnaparamita Sutra, Vedas, Puranas, Upanishads--that do not deviate from the Devi Gita i.e., in terms of liberating Knowledge.
The Devi Gita and all other scriptures, no matter at which point in history, must be view through Time ...................... and She is beyond the concept of Time (millennia, age, epoch, era, eon).
What I am trying to say is that the Divine Mother continues to liberate Her disciples again and time again, and continues over the creation and dissolutions of Universes. Thus it is vital that we understand profoundly the mode to continue Her eternal role of the Mother that liberates - the Paraclete Shri Mataji who has come as promised by Jesus to complete His message of the Resurrection and life eternal!
However, if you continue clinging to your inherited religion to the exclusion of others progress is going to be slow. The only way would be to meditate on the Mother and find refuge and comfort in Her 24/7.
January 1, 2018
Yahoo forum post # 19015
Dear Pamela and all,
There is one aspect of the Paraclete Shri Mataji in relation to the DIVINE MOTHER that has never been discussed all these years. I have always upheld the DEVI way above Shri Mataji and have very good reasons for doing so. From 1993 onwards I began knowing that SHE exists, and within. Over the years I found myself becoming all that small and insignificant.
Today I am truly happy to know that I am like an ant trying to understand the Universe. Anything more would be bordering on arrogance, and I feel really good admitting that.
I cannot, in all honesty, say the same for the Paraclete Shri Mataji. Anything more would definitely be both ignorance and hypocrisy, and I also feel really good admitting that. (Hypocrisy because in private I would deny that Shri Mataji is anyway even close to the PRIMORDIAL MOTHER in every aspect of omnipotence, omniscience, and omnipresence.)
But what if the DEVI had revealed HER presence in the Sahasrara from 1993 onwards ................... but there was no Shri Mataji on Earth? How effective would have SHE been in truly revealing HERSELF without an incarnation to confirm that identity?
Without a doubt, it would have been a useless exercise. And if you compare Shri Mataji's disciples reaction and rejection of HER revelations post-1993 that futility would become clearly apparent. The ADI SHAKTI had to have HER incarnation on Earth before SHE could reveal HERSELF.
But what has the Paraclete Shri Mataji also revealed about the DIVINE MOTHER within for the first time in history? Shri Mataji has revealed that the DIVINE MOTHER is found in every scripture--Torah, Bible, Quran, Puranas, Upanishads, Vedas, Guru Grant Sahib, and Prajnaparamita. Shri Mataji has also revealed that the DIVINE MOTHER is central to the Resurrection--the baptism that triggers rebirth by the Holy Spirit and life eternal. Shri Mataji has also revealed that the DIVINE MOTHER was, is, and will always be within. (That Jesus declared that the Paraclete will remain within forever as the HOLY SPIRIT is one of the most comforting truth since we are all meditating on HER within us.)
It is 2018 and 99% of the world does not know these central truths of the advent and message of the Paraclete Shri Mataji. That the Paraclete Shri Mataji's advent was crucial to the realization of HER within must comfort many ................................... and help the transition to that interiority.
January 10, 2018
Yahoo forum post # 19048
I feel honored that the Devi has begun revealing Herself to you. I feel vindicated too ................ vindicated because souls like you are confirming what is being written about Her at www.adishakti.org. I feel comforted too .................... comforted that the Person that I always felt was genuine even while being a Sikh has also endorsed Her. His name is Jesus Christ.
For me, Jesus is the holiest of the holy who stands towering above the pantheon of deities, prophets, and gods who meditate on the Devi/Divine Mother in the Kingdom of God. As on Earth as in Heaven, He commands utter respect from all, a respect generously given. That eternal respect from all comes from His supreme sacrifice in the defense of Truth. Jesus was fearless and unflinching and uncompromising at all times. There is none that I can make a comparison with.
Prior to the arrival of the Paraclete no Pope, cardinal, bishop or priest has ever talked about the Paraclete remaining within for all times. For all the countless sermons over the centuries, probably none have ever broached this subject. I have checked the Internet for years and till date, there has been nothing.
However, the Paraclete Shri Mataji has repeatedly talked about the Divine Mother within. Jesus too has talked about the Paraclete/Holy Spirit remaining within for all times. And children have confirmed that the founders of every religion do meditate on this Divine Feminine. And the scriptures of every religion also declare that Inner Divine Person.
Again, Jesus looms large over the entire humanity and holds center stage in their promised resurrection to life eternal. Which other personality from any of the religions is comparable to Him in the breadth and depth of genuine, verifiable and mandated divine intervention? Yet again He draws humans so that they are empowered, through the Paraclete, to perform deeds greater than Himself ................................ the salvation of souls.
And that salvation commands believers to turn inwards and seek the same Paraclete within themselves. She is going to remain within them for all times, whether on Earth or Heaven. There is nothing comparable to His infinite powers and ingenuity to fulfill all that He promised. That ingenuity is bringing men to the Divine Feminine.
For all eternity I will seek refuge at HER Lotus Feet. For She was the pristine Spirit who illuminated and broke my self-hypnotism of chronic alcoholism, drugs, and delusion that I had been a prisoner for so many years.
But I must question: why is that only Jesus, to the exclusion of all others, have introduced us to this pristine Spirit, the Primordial Mother? Why has only Jesus been empowered to bring Her back into human consciousness? Why does Jesus continue to tower above all others, on Earth as in Heaven?
And all humans have to go through Him to attain salvation and life eternal in the Kingdom of God. Never in my wildest dream thought a Sikh like me would have to do so. But ask any Sikh and see the response. The same goes for Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims, Jews and Christians too. Christians!? Ask any if they have heard of the Paraclete who not only completes His message but also remains within for all times. And She goes by the name Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi.
January 14, 2018
Yahoo forum post # 19086
“But I must question: why is that only Jesus, to the exclusion of all others, have introduced us to this pristine Spirit, the Primordial Mother? Why has only Jesus been empowered to bring Her back into human consciousness? Why does Jesus continue to tower above all others, on Earth as in Heaven?”
“Paul portrays a Spirit-Christology and Jesus is understood to be raised to new life by the Spirit (Rom. 1:4). The Spirit is the Spirit of Christ (Rom. 8:9; Gal. 4:6; Phil. 1:19) and it is through the Spirit that the believer is able to confess that “Jesus is Lord” (1. Cor. 12:1-3). Therefore, to be “in Christ” and “in the Spirit” are the same. Just as God and Spirit are the same, the Spirit cannot be experienced apart from Christ (1 Cor. 12:3). Christ is portrayed as “a life giving Spirit” (1 Cor. 15:45) and the Spirit works to give illumination and divine revelation in the face of affliction (1 Thess. 1:6; 1 Cor. 2:10-12; 2 Cor. 3:14-17). As a result, the believer has a responsibility to live her life in the power of the Spirit (Rom. 8:4-6, 14; Gal. 5:16, 18, 25). This responsibility should not be taken lightly as one should not ignore the depth of the Spirit’s power. Walking in the power of the Spirit is life-changing as the Spirit becomes an agent through which changes and transformation can occur.
Johannine pneumatology (from the Greek, pneuma, meaning breath, comparable to the Hebrew word for spirit) shows the Spirit’s life-giving power of water and breath: rebirth (John 3:5-8), spring of life (John 4:14; 6:63; 7:38-39), and new creation (John 20:22; cf. Gen. 2:7; Ezek. 37:9). The Johannine Epistles speak of anointing (1 John 2:20, 27) and Jesus has been given the Spirit (John 3:34). The Spirit is named “other Paraclete” (14:16) which implies that Jesus is the first (1 John 2:1). The term parakletos (from para+kalein) means “one called alongside to help” and thus is an advocate or witness (John 14:26). The Spirit becomes a source of inspiration and vision as people feel the presence of the Spirit around them. The Spirit also becomes an indispensable aspect of living ass it becomes an advocate for us to help us live a life of good stewardship.”
Colonialism, Han, and the Transformative Spirit
Grace Ji-Sun Kim, Palgrave Pivot (April 18, 2013) p. 73
Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi was
Christian by birth, Hindu by
marriage, and Paraclete by duty.
"The Paraclete represents direct,
intimate divine intervention,
supporting and teaching
believers and challenging the
world, as Jesus did." (D. Stevick
Jesus and His Own, 2011, 290)
The Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh Sri Mataji
Birmingham, U.K.'July 9, 1982
"Though you can understand that Mother's Love makes it very easy for you to get to your Realization and that the whole story of Last Judgment - which looks such a horrifying experience - has been made very beautiful, and very tender, and delicate, and does not disturb you."
The Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh Sri Mataji
Kundalini And Kalki Shakti, Bombay, India'September 28, 1979
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