"The Paraclete has a twofold function: to communicate Christ to believers and, to put the world on trial" - Robert Kysar
Pentecost is historically and symbolically related to the Jewish harvest festival of Shavuot, which commemorates God giving the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai fifty days after the Exodus. Among Christians, Pentecost commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and other followers of Jesus, as described in the Acts of the Apostles 2:1-31.
It is out of question that a few minutes of the Holy Spirit's visitation on the first Christian Pentecost Sunday could have been the fulfillment of all that Jesus had promised the Comforter/Paraclete/Advocate would do for his disciples. Indeed the biblical "passages suggest broader, more personal senses, referring to one who consoles another, befriends another, guides or teaches another, or to one who publicizes the truth of things." (Daniel B. Stevick, 2011, 285) Only with the advent of the Paraclete Shri Mataji has that all-encompassing promise of Jesus been fulfilled in every respect, which of necessity has taken about 40 years of Her attention to detail in all the vital areas of revelation, glorification, guidance, advocacy, counseling and comforting.
Since that is the case as to where Jesus' disciples now stand in relation to the Comforter/Paraclete/Advocate, here are some further points of clarification as to why Jesus' promise could only be fulfilled in recent times, rather than 2000 years ago:
i) Jesus said that he would send another Comforter just like him, i.e., in the form of a human being, but that he had to go away first, before the Comforter would come. (Divine personalities when speaking about themselves, tend to speak in terms of eternal time, not in terms of human time). Jesus was telling his disciples that at the appointed time, another Divine personality would come. But that personality would have to wait for the appointed time, the right time.
ii) There is no historical evidence whatsoever there was any advocate, counselor, comforter or person acting with defense attorney capability physically present to Jesus' disciples, as he had been present to them. Had such a personality arrived, duly fulfilling such a multi-tasking role, the disciples would surely have recorded those teachings just as they had recorded the teachings of Jesus.
iii) There is no historical evidence whatsoever that after Jesus' crucifixion there was any Paraclete bearing witness to Jesus, glorifying him, guiding his followers, and declaring what was to come. In fact, such a Paraclete personality would very quickly have been crushed at that time for speaking out, just as surely as Jesus had been crucified for speaking out, which, albeit, is the job of Paraclete's to do.
iv) During the post-crucifixion period there were no Bibles, churches, literacy or technological means of communication that would enable the spreading of the Comforter/ Paraclete/Advocate's teachings universally. In fact, the Roman persecution of the Christians only ended in 313 AD under the reign of Constantine the Great, and it was only after that time that the Bible and churches evolved. Literacy and mass communications are recent developments, albeit still unavailable to significant portions of humanity. (However, even the optimum combination of bibles, churches, literacy and modern communication cannot deliver the knowledge required to complete Jesus' message. Revelation, guidance, glorification, advocacy, counseling and comforting is Paraclete specific.)
v) During the post-crucifixion period there was no closure, conclusion or completion of Jesus' teachings, nor was there a fulfilled message of eschatology with regard to the Kingdom of God, during the brief one-day Pentecost Sunday.
At present, over the span of almost four decades, each and every Paraclete-specific requirement of i) to v) has been fulfilled to the minutest of detail by both the physical Paraclete Shri Mataji and the Spirit-Paraclete within. Only now is it possible for the disciples, who were with Jesus two millennia ago, to fulfill a most crucial aspect of the Savior's promise to emancipate humanity: "But when the Paraclete comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, will bear witness about me. And you also will bear witness, because you have been with me from the beginning" (John 15:26-27). That is precisely what the disciples of the Paraclete are doing today. They have literally taken birth alongside the Paraclete Shri Mataji to again bear witness for Jesus Christ, with whom they had always been from the beginning! This website bears incontrovertible evidence and testimony to back these claims.
Robert Kysar's John The Maverick Gospel will be used to cross-examine these claims, and theologians are invited to challenge them. If they cannot then they must act conscientiously since even John 16:8-11—which Robert Kysar admits "is a very difficult passage both to translate and to understand" and for whom D. A. Carson in The Function of the Paraclete "constitutes one of the most baffling passages in the fourth gospel"—has also been dutifully discharged to the letter by Shri Mataji over the decades before a disbelieving audience! Robert Kysar outlines the scriptural distinguishing traits, precise tasks, and recognizable originality specific to the Paraclete:
"We must try to summarize the nature and function of the Paraclete as the Gospel of John describes it. (Here as elsewhere in this discussion of the Paraclete, I am profoundly indebted to Raymond E. Brown’s excellent appendix on the subject in his commentary on John, The Gospel According to John, Anchor Bible, vol. 29a.) About the nature of the Paraclete we can say two things:
1. The Paraclete comes from and is related to both the Father and the Son:
a. The Paraclete comes only if Jesus departs (15:26; 16:7, 8, 13).
b. The Paraclete comes from the Father (15:26).
c. The Father gives the Paraclete in response to Jesus’ request (14:16).
d. The Paraclete is sent in Jesus’ name (14:26).
e. Jesus sends the Paraclete from the Father (15:26; 16:7).
2. The Paraclete is identified in a number of different ways:
a. 'Another Paraclete,' implying that Jesus was the first (14:16).
b. The 'Spirit of Truth' (14:17; 15:26; 16:13).
c. The 'Holy Spirit' (14:26).
In summary of this evidence, we may say that the Paraclete is a continuation of Christ, even the alter ego of Christ. What is said of the relationship of the Son to the Father throughout the Gospel can be said in large part of the relationship of the Paraclete to the Father. But this mysterious being is dependent on Christ’s ministry. The Paraclete is, as it were, 'act two' that cannot begin until 'act one' (Jesus’ ministry) is completed.
We may speak about the function of the Paraclete under two separate categories:
1. The relationship of the Paraclete to the disciples. The Paraclete
a. Is easily recognized by the disciples (14:17).
b. Is within and continues to remain with them (14:16-17).
c. Is their teacher (16:13).
d. Announces to them things that are to occur in the future (16:13).
e. Declares what belongs to Christ and what does not (16:14).
f. Glorifies Christ (16:14).
g. Witnesses to Christ (15:26).
h. Reminds the disciples of all that Jesus said (14:26).
i. Speaks only what is heard (16:13).
2. The relationship of the Paraclete to the world. The world
a. Cannot accept the Paraclete (14:17).
b. Cannot see or recognize the Paraclete (14:17).
c. Rejects the Paraclete (15:26).
d. But its rejection does not prevent the Paraclete’s witness to Christ (15:26).
e. Is condemned, proven wrong, and pronounced guilty of sin by the Paraclete (16:8-11). (John 16:8-11 is a very difficult passage both to translate and to understand. But the summary catches at least some of its basic meaning.)
Obviously, according to the Fourth Gospel, the Paraclete has a twofold function: to communicate Christ to believers and, to put the world on trial and find it guilty as charged."
Robert Kysar, John, the Maverick Gospel
Westminster John Knox Press; 3 edition (June 1, 2007), pp. 109-10
"The Five Paraclete Texts
The five texts all found in chapters 14 through 16 in John’s Gospel. They are amazing descriptions of the work of Jesus’ Spirit. In them, Jesus promises that he will not leave the disciples orphans—without a personal guide to dwell with them—but will send them 'another Advocate,' his own Spirit of truth to 'guide them in the way of all truth.' The Spirit of Jesus is clearly a personal presence—the ongoing presence of Jesus for all Christians. The Spirit will perform the same functions that Jesus did; to teach them, to be their advocate in trials, to intercede for them with God, to guide them, to encourage them. These five passages contain the most profound teaching about the Spirit of Jesus in all of Scripture...
Resemblance of the Paraclete to Jesus in John
1. Same source
Coming from the Father 5:43 16:7
Given by the Father 3:16 14:16
Sent by the Father 3:17 14:26
2. Same title
Paraclete 1 John 2:1 14:26
Truth 14:6 16:13
Holy 6:69 14:26
3. Same role
Known by disciples 14:9 14:17
Remains with disciples 14:23 14:16-17
Guides disciples into truth 14:6 16:13
Teaches disciples 13:13-14 14:26
Speaks the words of God 8:28; 15:16 16:13
Declares things to come 14:29; 16:4 16:13
Bears witness 8:14 15:26
Glorifies 17:4 16:14
Cannot accept 5:43 14:17a
Does not know 8:19 14:17b
Testified against 7:7 16:8
I am indebted to Raymond Brown for pointing out these similarities. Two powerful conclusions can be drawn from these close parallels. First, from the parallels in their work (number 3 above), John teaches that the Paraclete continues the work of Jesus. That is, John presents a tandem relationship or a parallelism between the ministry of Jesus and that of the Paraclete. Second, the whole complex of parallels above leads Raymond Brown to a more profound conclusion: the Holy Spirit continues the presence of Jesus. Thus the one whom Jesus calls 'another Paraclete' is in many ways another Jesus. Thus the one whom Jesus calls 'another Paraclete' is in many ways another Jesus, one who continues the same work of Jesus in us now."
James W. Kinn, The Spirit of Jesus in Scripture and prayer
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. (May 26, 2004), pp. 59-60
THE APOCALYPSE OF THE SPIRIT-PARACLETE
Fulfillment of the promised divine eschatological instruction
"It's better to tell you after Realization that I am the Holy Ghost – no doubt. I am the one about which Christ has talked."
The Paraclete Shri Mataji
"Jesus therefore predicts that God will later send a human being to Earth to take up the role defined by John .i.e. to be a prophet who hears God’s words and repeats his message to man."
M. Bucaille, The Bible, the Qur'an, and Science
"And when Jesus foreannounced another Comforter, He must have intended a Person as distinct and helpful as He had been."
F. B. Meyer, Love to the Utmost
"The Paraclete has a twofold function: to communicate Christ to believers and, to put the world on trial"
Robert Kysar, John The Meverick Gospel
"But She—the Spirit, the Paraclete...—will teach you everything."
Danny Mahar, Aramaic Made EZ)
"Grammatical nonsense but evidence of the theological desire to defeminize the Divine."
Lucy Reid, She Changes Everything
"The functions of the Paraclete spelled out in verses 13-15... are all acts of open and bold speaking in the highest degree."
David Fleer, Preaching John's Gospel: The World It Imagines
"The reaction of the world to the Paraclete will be much the same as the world’s reaction was to Jesus."
Berard L. Marthaler, The Creed: The Apostolic Faith in Contemporary Theology
Bultmann calls the "coming of the Redeemer an 'eschatological event,' 'the turning-point of the ages."
G. Ladd, A Theology of the New Testament
"The Paraclete equated with the Holy Spirit, is the only mediator of the word of the exalted Christ."
(M.E. Boring) Benny Thettayil, In Spirit and Truth
"The divine Paraclete, and no lessor agency, must show the world how wrong it was about him who was in the right."
Daniel B. Stevick , Jesus and His Own: A Commentary on John 13-17
Stephen Smalley asserts that "the Spirit-Paraclete ... in John’s Gospel is understood as personal, indeed, as a person."
Marianne Meye Thompson, The God of the Gospel of John
"The Messiah will come and the great age of salvation will dawn (for the pious)"
Eric Eve, The Jewish context of Jesus' Miracles
"The remembrance is to relive and re-enact the Christ event, to bring about new eschatological decision in time and space."
Daniel Rathnakara Sadananda, The Johannine Exegesis of God
"The Spirit acts in such an international situation as the revealer of 'judgment' on the powers that rule the world."
Michael Welker, God the Spirit
The Paraclete's "appearance means that sin, righteousness, and judgment will be revealed."
Georg Strecker, Theology of the New Testament
"While the Spirit-Paraclete is the true broker, the brokers they rely on are impostors."
T. G. Brown, Spirit in the writings of John
"The pneumatological activity ... of the Paraclete ... may most helpfully be considered in terms of the salvific working of the hidden Spirit."
Michael Welker, The work of the Spirit
"The pneuma is the peculiar power by which the word becomes the words of eternal life."
Robert Kysar, Voyages with John: Charting the Fourth Gospel
"The gift of peace, therefore, is intimately associated with the gift of the Spirit-Paraclete"
Francis J. Moloney, The Gospel of John
"This utopian hope, even when modestly expressed, links Jesus and the prophets to a much wider history of human longing."
Harvey Cox, The Future of Faith
"Because of the presence of the Paraclete in the life of the believer, the blessings of the end-times—the eschaton—are already present"
Robert Kysar, John
"They are going, by the Holy Spirit’s power, to be part of the greatest miracle of all, bringing men to salvation."
Robert E. Picirilli, The Randall House Bible Commentary
"The Kingdom of God stands as a comprehensive term for all that the messianic salvation included... is something to be sought here and now (Mt. 6:33) and to be received as children receive a gift (Mk. 10:15 = Lk. 18:16-17)."
G. Ladd, A Theology of the New Testament
NOTE: If this page was accessed during a web search you may wish to browse www.adishakti.org/ where this topic or related issues are discussed in detail to promote global peace, religious harmony, and spiritual development of humanity:
Disclaimer: Our material may be copied, printed and distributed by referring to this site. This site also contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available to our readers under the education and research provisions of "fair use" in an effort to advance freedom of inquiry for a better understanding of religious, spiritual and inter-faith issues. The material on this site is distributed without profit. If you wish to use copyrighted material for purposes other than "fair use" you must request permission from the copyright owner.