The Ruh/Rouh of Allah (SWT)"This brings me to a difficult point. Because this God began as a specifically male deity, monotheists have usually referred to it as 'he.' In recent years, feminists have understandably objected to this... . Yet it is perhaps worth mentioning that the masculine tenor of God-talk is particularly problematic in English. In Hebrew, Arabic and French, however, grammatical gender gives theological discourse a sort of sexual counterpoint and dialectic, which provides a balance that is often lacking in English. Thus in Arabic al-Lah (the supreme name for God) is grammatically masculine, but the word for the divine and inscrutable essence of God—al-Dhat—is feminine.”- Karen Armstrong, A History of God
They ask thee concerning the Spirit.
Say: "The Spirit (cometh) by command of my Lord:
Of knowledge it is only a little that is communicated to you.”
If it were Our* Will, We* could take away that which We* have sent thee by inspiration:
Then wouldst thou find none to plead thy affair in that matter against Us.
surah 17: 85-86 Al Isra' (The Night Journey)
Abdullah Yusuf Ali, The Holy Qur'n, Amana Corporation, 1989.)
[2.87] We* gave Moses the Book and followed him up with a succession of Messengers;
We* gave Jesus, the son of Mary, Clear (Signs) and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit.
[2.253] Those Messengers we endowned with gifts, some above others:
To one of them Allah spoke; others He raised to degrees (of honour);
To Jesus, the son of Mary, We* gave Clear (Signs), and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit.
Al Baqarah (The Heifer)
[4.171] O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: nor say of Allah aught but the truth.
Christ Jesus the son of Mary was a Messenger of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary,
And a Spirit proceeding from Him.
Al Nisa (The Women)
[5.110] Then will Allah say: "O Jesus the son of Mary! Recount My favour to thee and to thy mother.
Behold! I strengthened thee with the Holy Spirit, so that thou didst speak to the people in childhood and in maturity.
Al Ma'idah (The Repast)
[15.29] When I have fashioned him and breathed into him of My spirit*, fall ye down in obeisance unto him. Al Hijr (The Rock) [16.102] Say: The Holy Spirit has brought the revelation from thy Lord in Truth,
In order to strengthen those who believe and as a Guide and Glad Tidings to Muslims.
Al Nahl (The Bee)
[26.192-96] Verily this is a Revelation from the Lord of the Worlds: With it came down the Spirit of Faith and truth —
To thy heart and mind, that thou mayest admonish in the perspicuous Arabic tongue.
Without doubt it is (announced) in the Revealed Books of the former peoples.
Al Shu'ara (The Poets)
[32.9] But he fashioned him in due proportion, and breathed into him something of His spirit.
And He gave you (the facilities of) hearing and sight and feeling (and understanding): Little thanks do ye give!
Al Sadjah (The Prostration)
[38.72] When I fashioned him (in due proportion) and breathed into him of My spirit*, fall ye down in obeisance unto him.
[66:12] And Mary, Imran's daughter, who guarded her virginity, so We* breathed into her of Our Spirit*, and she confirmed the Words of her Lord and His Books, and became one of the obedient.
[21:107]"And We* did not send you (O Muhammad) except as a mercy to the world.”
[15:85]"We* created not the heavens, the earth, and all between them, but for just ends. And the Hour is surely coming"
[2.2] This is the Book; in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to those who fear Allah. Who believe in the Unseen, are steadfast in prayer, and spend out of what We* have provided for them;
[15:9]"We* have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We* will assuredly guard it (from corruption).”
[50.43] Verily it is We* who give life and death;
And to Us* is the Final Goal.
[37:171-177]"Already has Our* Word been passed before (this) to Our* Servants sent (by Us). That they would certainly be assisted. And that Our* forces, they surely must conquer. So turn thou away from them for a little while. And watch them (how they fare), and they soon shall see. Do they wish (indeed) to hurry on our Punishment? But when it descends into the open space before them, evil will be the morning for those who were warned (and heeded not).
* Allah and His Ruh (There are hundreds of such examples)
"God was not booming clear instructions from on high. The divine voice constantly changed the way it referred to itself—as 'we,' 'he,' 'your lord,' 'Allah' or 'I'—shifting its relationship to both the Prophet and his audience. Nor was God distinctively male. Each recitation began with the invocation: 'In the name of Allah, the Compassionate (Al-Rahman) and the Merciful (Al-Rahim).' Allah was a masculine noun, but the divine names al-Rahman and al-Rahim are not only grammatically feminine but related etymologically to the word for womb.”
Karen Armstrong, Muhammad (Prophet For Our Time)
Chapter 2, 'Jahiliyyah', p.60
Harper Perennial - London, New York, Toronto and Sydney
"Even though Jews and Muslims both find the Christian doctrines of the Trinity and Incarnation almost blasphemous, they have produced their own versions of these controversial theologies. Each expression of these universal themes is slightly different, however, showing the ingenuity and inventiveness of the human imagination as it struggles to express its sense of 'God.'
Because this is such a big subject, I have deliberately confined myself to the One God worshipped by Jews, Christians and Muslims, though I have occasionally considered pagan, Hindu and Buddhist conceptions of ultimate reality to make a monotheistic point clearer. It seems that the idea of God is remarkably close to the ideas in religions that developed quite independently... . Mystics have seen God incarnated in a woman, for example. Others reverently speak of God's sexuality and have introduced a female element into the divine.
This brings me to a difficult point. Because this God began as a specifically male deity, monotheists have usually referred to it as 'he.' In recent years, feminists have understandably objected to this... . Yet it is perhaps worth mentioning that the masculine tenor of God-talk is particularly problematic in English. In Hebrew, Arabic and French, however, grammatical gender gives theological discourse a sort of sexual counterpoint and dialectic, which provides a balance that is often lacking in English. Thus in Arabic al-Lah (the supreme name for God) is grammatically masculine, but the word for the divine and inscrutable essence of God—al-Dhat—is feminine.”
Karen Armstrong, A History of God, Ballantine Books, 1993, p. xxi-xxiii.
"It is true that there is plenty of material in the Koran that is more egalitarian than the western Christian tradition, which was heavily influenced by the misogyny of Greek thought. Perhaps the most fundamental is that the Islamic God does not have a gender. Arabic may refer to him by use of the male pronoun, but he is never described as 'father' or 'lord' as he is in the Judaeo-Christian tradition. Indeed, the Islamic God has characteristics that are expressly feminine; one of his most important 'names' is al-Rahman (the All-Compassionate) from the Arabic rahma, which comes from the word rahim, meaning womb. In Islamic mysticism, the divinely beloved is female.”
Saturday December 8, 2001
"The Primordial Mother was the Primordial Power of Divine Love. The Power of God separated from God itself. God was the Witness — Witness of the Play of the Divine Power. There is no difference between the Two. God Almighty and His Power are just like the sun and his rays. For us, for human beings it is impossible to conceive the mystery. Moreover, in our ego, we think we can understand Him.”
The Mystery Of God, U.K. — June 8, 1981
Surah 17:85"They Ask You Concerning The Spirit"
The Qur'n confirms that little knowledge is given to the Muslims concerning His Ruh (Holy Spirit or Adi Shakti). Allah had already revealed that the Trinity was a false conjectured doctrine. Any attempt to explain His Ruh would have only confused the illiterate desert dwellers, and even smack of hypocrisy and falsehood as 'there were quite a number of idols or gods worshipped among the Arabs, and sura 71.23 bears witness to this. There is also that surprisingly frank account in the Qur'n of the occasion when the Prophet apparently made somewhat of a concession to paganism in reciting sura 53.19-20 concerning Al-Lat, Al-'Uzza and Manat, the goddesses of the Sun, of Venus and of Fate respectively... However, it is obvious that idolatry was rife at the time of Muhammad. He was not going to have an easy time convincing his people of the existence of one true God. Worship of Al-Lat was extremely widespread, and her means 'the goddess.' "
According to K. W. Morgan, Islam: The Straight Path, "In the time of the Prophet the people of Mecca and of Arabia were known as the meanest of all in bahavior. One need only recall their gods. They made statues of stone and wood, and them worshipped them by asking for material things. Robbery, murder, plunder, burying their newborn daughter alive, fighting over tribal affairs, doing cruel things to weak and harmless people—these were among their daily practices. Women were used for making money in an immoral way, and they had no rights at all. Immoral deeds were so much a part of their life that they boasted of their behavior. In such a situation the Prophet of Islam arose to guide the people.”
Thus whatever was revealed of the Spirit of Allah to Prophet Muhammad was the barest minimum in order to contain a volatile situation. But the fact remains that Allah made it a point to mention His Spirit without revealing anything about it's nature. This seemingly frivolous act 14 centuries ago today burst forth in all splendor as His Ruh proclaims and explains Al-Qiyamah to all humankind. The little information 1400 years ago is now an Oasis of Knowledge for all Believers to drink. The Holy Qur'n, an indisputable revealed book, literally breathes with precise prophecies and fulfilled promises for all His children of various traditions.
The Qur'n uses two terms "Ruh-Allah" and "Ar-Ruh-Al-Qudus" for the Spirit of God. Such is the case in the following references: "We gave unto Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs [of Allah's sovereignty], and we supported him with the Holy Spirit [ar-Ruh-al Qudus]," (Surah 2, Al-Baqarah, The Cow: 87).
"When Allah saith: O Jesus, son of Mary! Remember My favour unto thee and unto thy mother; how I strengthened thee with the Holy Spirit [al-Ruh al-Qudus], so that the Scripture and Wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel ... and thou didst heal him who was born blind and the leper by My permission; and how thou didst raise the dead, by My permission" (Surah 5 Al-Ma'idah, The Table Spread: 110).
"Go, O my sons, and ascertain concerning Joseph and his brother, and despair not the Spirit of Allah [Ruh-Allah]" (Surah 12, Joseph: 87).
Note that the above quotations from the Qur'n make reference to God, to His Word, and to His Spirit. If one examines these references carefully, one could agree that the Qu'ran does indeed teach a belief in the Word of Allah, and the Spirit of Allah as well as in Allah the Almighty.
Hamid S. Aziz (Islam For Modern Students) has this to say about the Spirit of Allah:
"Some people have asked about the concept of Spirit in Islam, and there appear to be several views about this. Here, this concept will be examined using all references to it in the Quran.
The word spirit is connected with breath and, therefore, with air. The breath is what keeps us alive and yet air was a mystery in that it was invisible. Spirit, therefore, stands for something very subtle. It refers to inner experiences - consciousness, conscience and will. It is responsible for revelation, inspiration, intuition and insight as opposed to knowledge which comes through the outer senses. The Spirit is by the Command of Allah:-
"They ask thee concerning the Spirit. Say: The Spirit is by command of my Lord, and of knowledge ye have been vouchsafed but little.”17:85
"It is naught save mercy from thy Lord.”17:87
We may suppose that it refers to something very fundamental which cannot be explained in terms of anything else. It is by or comes by the command of Allah. It may refer to a fundamental force in the Universe which carries information or Truth, for Allah has created everything with his Word and with Truth. It is likely that the stage by stage condensation of the Spirit is responsible for all levels of the heavens and earths.
"Allah it is who created seven heavens and of the earth the like thereof. The Commandment cometh down among them slowly, that ye may know that Allah is able to do all things, and that Allah surroundeth all things in knowledge.”65:12
"But His command when he intendeth a thing, is only that he says unto it: Be! And it is"36:82
"He created the heavens and the earth with truth, and He shaped you and made good your shapes and unto Him is the journeying.”64:3 and 6:73
"His Word is Truth, and His will be the Sovereignty on the day when the trumpet is blown.”6:74
The Spirit ascends into Heaven and descends into the earth.
"From Allah, Lord of the Ascending Stairways whereby the angels and the spirit ascend unto Him in a Day whereof the span is fifty thousand years.”70:3-4
"The Night of Power is better than a thousand months. The angels and the Spirit descend therein by the permission of their Lord, with all decrees. Peace until the rising of the Dawn.”97:3-5
These two verses speak about two different cycles of events - there appears to be a spiritual circulation.
"Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, the Beneficent; with Whom none can argue. On the Day when the angels and the Spirit stand arrayed, they speak not, saving him whom the Beneficent allows and who speaks right. That is the True Day. So whoso will should seek recourse unto his Lord.”78:38
This refers to the Final Day of Judgement. The Universe itself is a cycle and will be wound up (28:88). Things begin with the Spirit and end with it. The Divine Spirit has been breathed into man and this is what gives him consciousness:-
"So when I have made him (man) and have breathed into him of My Spirit, do ye (angels) fall down, prostrating yourselves unto him.”15:29 also 38:72
"He directed the ordinance from the heavens unto the earth; then it ascends unto Him in a Day, whereof the measure is a thousand years of that ye reckon. Such is the knower of the invisible and the visible, the Mighty, the Merciful, who made all things good which He created, and He began the creation of man from clay; then He made his seed from a draught of despised fluid; then He fashioned him and breathed into him of His spirit; and appointed for you hearing, and sight and hearts. Small thanks give ye! And they say: When we are lost in the earth, how can we then be re-created? Nay but they are disbelievers in the meeting with their Lord.”32:7-10
(1) the change of person from the third to the second - he has become aware of himself. He has received some of the qualities of the creator.
(2) Three faculties are mentioned - hearing, seeing and feeling. These should be understood as referring not just to outer senses, but to inner ones, in particular to conscience, consciousness and will.
(3) that 'small thanks' refers to ungratefulness - people do not act according to the spirit in them. The spirit has become dormant.
(4) The possibility of resurrection is connected with the spirit.
However, we have to distinguish Nafs (soul) from Ruh (spirit). Whereas the Spirit is a Universal principle, each person has his own soul and it can degenerate or it can be made to grow.
"Be careful of your duty to your Lord Who created you from a single soul and from it created its mate and from them twain has spread abroad a multitude of men and women.”4:1 and 7:189
"And the soul and Him who perfected it and inspired it with (conscience of) what is wrong for it and what is right for it. He indeed is successful who causes it to grow, and he indeed is a failure who stunts it.”91:7-10
"Surely We created man in the best stature, then We reduced him to the lowest of the low, save those who believe and do good works and theirs is a reward unfailing. So who henceforth will give the lie to thee about the judgement? Is not Allah the most conclusive of all judges?"95:4-8
"Whosoever does right, it is only for the good of his own soul that he does right, and whosoever errs, errs only to its hurt. No laden soul can bear another's load. We never punish until We have sent a messenger.”17:15
Also 2:223,231, 3:25,30, 5:105, 6:12,20,70,164, 7:53, 9:42, 10:108, 11:21, 14:51, 20:15 and many more.
The soul may be regarded as a local organisation of the spirit and contains the information relating to the individual (his inherited and acquired characteristics and those created by his own efforts at integration). That consciousness is connected with the soul can be seen from the fact that sleep and death are alike:-
"Allah receives souls at the time of their death, and the soul which dies not in its sleep. He keeps that soul for which he has ordained death and dismisses the rest till an appointed term. Lo! Herein verily are signs for people who take thought.” 39:42
The existence of the Spirit within man makes him a Vicegerent, a person who ought to be serving Allah, and exercising the faculties he has received on behalf of Allah. He was made as an instrument through which Allah can act more directly.
"When thy Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am about to place a Vicegerent in the earth, they said: Wilt Thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctify Thee? He said: Surely I know that which ye know not. And He taught Adam all the Names, then showed them to the angels, saying: Inform me of the Names of these if ye are truthful. They said: Be glorified! We have no knowledge saving that which Thou hast taught us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Knower, Wise.”2:30-32.
Man, having been given some of the divine powers could act partly independently with his own initiative, creativity and sense of responsibility, though still dependent for these powers on Allah. This independence is not possible for the angels. In particular man was given the capacity to form concepts (the Names may also refer to the Attributes of Allah). It is this which gave him the power to do the evil and chaos which the angels feared, but Allah knew better. He could through experiences and trials lead them towards voluntary surrender.
The spirit exists in man as a Trust:-
"Lo! We offered the Trust unto the heavens and the earth and the hills, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man assumed it. Lo! He has proved a tyrant and a fool.”33:72
Here again we see that man is accused of not allowing it operate on behalf of God.
"Nay verily man is rebellious that he thinks himself independent. lo! Unto thy Lord is the return.”96:6-8
This dormant spirit in man can be reactivated by the Messengers. These are persons who have already been chosen by Allah to be guided by the Spirit.
"He sends down the angels with the Spirit of His Command unto whom He will of His bondmen saying: Warn mankind that there is no god save Me, so keep your duty unto Me. He hath created the heavens and the earth with truth. High be He exalted above all that they associate with Him.” 16:2-3
"The Exalter of ranks, the lord of the Throne, He casts the Spirit of His command upon whom He will of His slaves, that He may warn of the Day of Meeting.” 40:15
"O you who believe! Obey Allah and the Messenger when He calls you to that which quickens you (brings you alive), and know that Allah comes in between the man and his own heart, and that He it is unto Whom ye will be gathered.” 8:24
"Even as We have sent unto you a messenger from among you, who recites unto you Our revelations and causes you to grow, and teaches you the Scripture and Wisdom, and teaches you that which ye knew not.” 2:151
Muhammad was such a messenger:-
"Say (O Muhammad): The Holy Spirit hath revealed it (the Quran) from thy Lord with Truth, that it may confirm the faith of those who believe and as a guidance and Good Tidings (gospels) for those who have Surrendered (to Allah).” 16:102
"And thus have We inspired in thee (Muhammad) a Spirit of Our Command. Thou knowest not what the Scripture was nor what the Faith. But We have made it a light whereby We guide whom We will of Our bondmen. And lo! Thou verily dost guide unto a right path., the path of Allah, unto whom belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Do not all things reach Allah at last?" 42:52-53
"And lo! It (the Quran) is a revelation of the Lord of the Worlds which the True Spirit hath brought down upon thy heart, that thou mayest be one of the warners in plain Arabic speech.” 26:192-195
Note that there is a connection between the notion of Spirit and Light. The spiritual regeneration or resurrection is brought about thus:-
"Is he who was dead and We have raised him unto life, and set for him a light wherein he walks among men, as him whose similitude is in utter darkness whence he cannot emerge? Thus is their conduct made fair seeming for the disbelievers.” 6:123
Other Prophets were also inspired:-
"Lo! We inspire thee as We inspired Noah and the Prophets after him, as We inspired Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes, and Jesus and Job and Jonah and Aaron and Solomon, and as We imparted unto David the Psalms. And messengers We have mentioned unto thee before and messengers We have not mentioned unto thee; and Allah spake directly unto Moses.”5:163-164 and many other verses.
Believers are also strengthened with the Spirit:-
"Thou wilt not find folk who believe in Allah and the Last Day loving those who oppose Allah and His messenger, even though they be their fathers or their sons or their brethren or their clan. As for such, He hath written faith upon their hearts and had strengthened them with the Sprit from Him, and He will bring them into Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide. Allah is well pleased with them and they are well pleased with Him. They are Allah's Party. Lo! Is it not Allah's Party who are the successful?" 58:22 Compare this with 89:27-30
Jesus was such a Messenger:-
"And verily We gave unto Moses the scripture and we caused a train of messengers to follow after him, and We gave Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs, and We supported him with the Holy Spirit. Is it ever so, that when there comes unto you a messenger from Allah with that which you yourselves desire not, you grow arrogant, and some disbelieve and some you slay.”2:87
"And those messengers, some of whom We have caused to excel others, and of whom there are some unto whom Allah spake, while some of them He exalted above others in degree; and We gave Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs and We supported him with the Holy Spirit. And if Allah had so willed it, those who followed after them would not have fought one with another after the clear proof had come unto them. But they differed, some of them believing and so disbelieving. And if Allah had so willed they would not have fought one with another, but Allah does what He will.” 2:253
"When Allah said: O Jesus son of Mary! Remember My favour unto thee and unto thy mother; how I strengthened thee with the Holy Spirit, so that thou spakest unto mankind in the cradle as in maturity; and how I taught thee the Scripture and Wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel and when I inspired the disciples saying: Believe in Me and My Messenger, they said: We believe. Bear witness that we have surrendered unto Thee (i.e become muslim)" 5:110-111
"And when Jesus, son of Mary, said; O children of Israel! Lo! I am the messenger of Allah unto you, confirming that which was revealed before me in the Torah, and bringing good tidings of a messenger who comes after me, whose name is the Praised One. yet when he hath come unto them with clear proofs, they say; This is mere magic.” 61:6 See also 3:50
"But when Jesus became conscious of their disbelief, he cried: Who will be my helpers in the cause of Allah? The disciples said: We will be Allah's helpers. We believe in Allah and bear thou witness that we have surrendered unto Him (i.e become muslim).” 3:52
Since, the Spirit is in all human beings, the Quran does not regard Jesus as being more than human.
"The Messiah, son of Mary, was no other than a messenger, messengers the like of whom had passed away before him. And his mother was a saintly woman. And they both used to eat food. See how We make the revelations clear for them and see how they turn away!" 5:75
"O people of the Scripture! Do not exaggerate in your religion nor utter aught concerning Allah save the truth. The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only a messenger of Allah and His word which He conveyed unto Mary, and a spirit from Him.” 4:171
Lo! The likeness of Jesus with Allah is as the likeness of Adam. He created him of dust, then He said unto him: Be! And he is.” 3:59
This is, of course, how Allah crated all things.
"When the angel said: O Mary! Lo! Allah gives thee glad tidings of a word from Him, whose name is the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, illustrious in the world and the Hereafter, and one of those brought near (unto Allah).” 3:45
"Then We sent unto her (Mary) Our Spirit and it assumed for her the likeness of a perfect man. She said: Lo! I seek refuge in the Beneficent One from thee, if thou art God-fearing. He said: I am only a Messenger of thy Lord, that I may bestow on thee a faultless son. She said: How can I have a son when no mortal has touched me, neither have I been unchaste? He said: So it will be. Thy Lord saith: It is easy for Me. And it will be that We may make of him a revelation for mankind and a mercy from Us, and it is thing ordained.” 19:17-21
1. The Spirit is a Messenger from God, something which transmits truth.
2. The Spirit appeared in the form of a man. This appearance has been called Gabriel. Gabriel is said to be an Archangel made of spirit as angels are made of light and jinn of fire.
3. Jesus is the Messiah, and a Revelation for mankind which had been pre-ordained. He is a revelation in the same sense that the Quran is a revelation.
The conception of Jesus is described as follows:-
"And she who was chaste, therefore We breathed into her something of Our Spirit and made her and her son a token for all people.”21:91 and also 66:12
This is, of course, how Allah introduced [His] Spirit into man.
H.S. Aziz, Wednesday, Nov. 25, 1998, 9:57 AM
WA-LAA UQSIM BI-AN-NAFSAL-LAWWAAMAH
I do call to witness the Resurrection Day;
And I do call to witness the self-reproaching Spirit.
Concerning what are they disputing?
Concerning the Great News. 
About which they cannot agree.
Verily, they shall soon (come to) know!
Verily, verily they shall soon (come to) know!
surah 78:1-5 Al Naba' (The Great News)
"5889. Great News: usually understood to mean the News or Message of the Resurrection.”
Abdullah Yusuf Ali, The Holy Qur'n, Amana Corporation, 1989.
QUOTES OF ALLAH'S (SWT) RUH SHRI MATAJI NIRMALA DEVI
"Adi Shakti's Power is Divine, is described in every religion. Same in Islam called Ruh. In Bible is called the All-Pervading Power (Holy Spirit). it's called as [...] that cannot be seen; Niranjana, the One that is beyond any attachment...
All these words are used for this Divine Power. People have heard about it; people have sung about it but unfortunately very few people felt it. And when they felt it they didn't know how to give it to others; how to make others feel it.
So whatever they talked became sort of story or some nonsensical thing. Nobody could believe that they have felt anything like that or could imagine that there is such a Power really existing.
Now luckily it has become quite a universal fact for all of you - that you know there is this Power. You are sure about this Power because you can feel it within yourself. And when you feel it you feel very joyous ... the Power of Adi Shakti (Ruh of Allah) - She tells you the Truth.”
Cabella, Italy - June 9, 1996
"The Primordial Mother was the Primordial Power of Divine Love. The Power of God separated from God itself. God was the Witness, Witness of the Play of the Divine Power. There is no difference between the two. God Almighty and His Power are just like the sun and his rays. For us, for human beings it is impossible to conceive the mystery. Moreover, in our ego, we think we can understand Him.”
The Mystery Of God, U.K. - June 8, 1981
"Rouh = Soul?
This is the single biggest misconception that people have made which helped distort the issue of 'who we are'.
In Arabia, when someone dies, the people say: 'let us pray on his Rouh!'
Also, when they speak about someone dying, the say: 'his Rouh has left him'.
In schools, they teach our kids that the 'Soul' is the 'Rouh' and that is what will die and be judged and punished or rewarded...
However, the story changes when we look at what GOD has to say:
"GOD takes the 'Nafs' when death comes, and also at the time of sleep...” (39:42)
"No 'Nafs' dies except by GOD's leave, at a predetermined time...” (3:145)
"Every 'Nafs' tastes death, then you receive your recompense on the Day of Resurrection...” (3:185)
.”..You shall not kill the 'Nafs' that GOD has made sacred, except in the course of justice...” (6:151)
.”..she said: my Lord, I have wronged my 'Nafs.”..” (27:16)
Well, you get the picture!
GOD tells us that our 'Soul' is called 'Nafs', and that this 'Nafs' is what is taken at death and what is judged on j-day (then rewarded or punished). The 'Nafs' is YOU, it is your entire being, it is your slate, which is burdened or lightened by your actions...
So, if the 'Soul' is the 'Nafs', then what is the Rouh?
Rouh = Spirit.
While a barrier separated her from them, we sent to her Our 'Rouh'. He went to her in the form of a human being.” (19:17)
"They ask you about the 'Rouh'. Say: 'The 'Rouh' comes from my Lord. And you were not given knowledge, except little.” (Quran 17:85)
It becomes apparent to the reader that the 'Rouh' is from GOD and it is the accumulation of 'knowledge' that will assist the human being in his life...It is best described as 'Spirit'.
You see, animals also have 'Nafs' just like we do (it is their life-force), yet, you do not see monkeys building spaceships nor turtles working on computers!
The 'Rouh' is the gift that GOD gave to our species to allow us the advantage of 'knowledge'.
"Once I perfect him (the human), and blow into him from My 'Rouh', you shall fall prostrate before him.” (15:29)
All animals can communicate with one another (remember the birds speaking to Solomon?). However, it is only man that has 'knowledge'.
The 'Rouh' is GOD's gift to us, and it is only GOOD. The information that the 'Rouh' provides each of us is to be used for our benefit, but we have the 'choice' to use it for evil (like nuclear fission being used to make a bomb).
Some unfortunate news about the 'Rouh': It will NEVER approach you and save the day. for example, you are struggling to understand something. If you don't ask GOD for help, it won't go; "hey, here is the answer!" no, you have to approach it. Also, it will always be LITERAL. you will have to be specific of what you are asking. Note, you don't have to say this out loud. You can just think of it - because many times, humans have hard time expressing what exactly they want to ask. With the spirit of god, you don't have to worry about this - as long as you get the intention of asking, the spirit will know the question...as much as you wanted to ask and that ALONE (though it knows all the questions you know - it is not going to answer anything you did not ask).
Thus if we can summarize what we have upto this point.
The human being so far is made-up of:
1. The 'Soul' - Nafs (the is YOU, the real person, what makes choices and what will be judged);
2. The 'Spirit' - Rouh (this is a gift from GOD, it is NOT yours, you do not own it, all people have access to it - like the Quran. it's purpose is to help provide answers and knowledge to help your Soul make the right decisions)....
The best Islam is within you - the spirit of GOD (Rouh'u Allah) is within you. There is no such thing that truth lies outside of you. the ultimate truth lies within you. please, take advantage of that blessing. It will be your ultimate weapon against falsehood.”
"By the token of time (through the Ages), man is in a state of loss, except those who truly believe, act correctly and act together in mutual counsel of Truth and patience' (Al - Asr 103).
The Islamic calendar does not start with the birth or the death of a person, but with an event, the migration of believers from oppression to freedom, freedom to practice 'submission to the will of God' in order to attain peace within and around. The advent of Prophet Jesus (Alaih Salaam-peace be upon him) was similarly an epochal event in the history of humankind. The Qur'n calls him a 'sign', a 'mercy', a 'witness' and an 'example'. He is Messiah, Messenger, Prophet, Servant, Word and Spirit of God. The calendar may not be exactly precise but the millennium can serve as an important point of reference in the Divine scheme of message and revelation. And take us into the future.
The future is very dear to us. Even if it has not arrived yet, the future is already in our thoughts. On the other hand, the past is a collection of good and bad experience, its use is in shaping the present and shaping the future...
Muhammad, (SAWS - Allah's Mercy & Peace be upon him), task, defined in the Qur'n, is to be ' giver of the glad tidings as well as a warner'. The Our'n reminds us of nations who were destroyed - because they had rebelled and disobeyed - and gives us a glimpse of the life in hereafter of people who do good and who love and obey God. In the scheme of divine revelation, the past, present and the future are one continuum...
In Islam service to humanity is a function of their duty towards God. The Qur'n says: And from among you there must be a society, community or party that should invite people to all that is good and enjoin the doing of all that is right and forbid the doing of all that is wrong.' (Ali-Imran, 3:104)
In inviting people to goodness and forbidding from the wrong, Muslims will need to join hands with other believers who share a great deal of these values about good and bad and about right and wrong. The conflicts that we witness today are not conflicts between religions, they are conflicts of irreligion. Therefore, those who believe in God and know the right from the wrong - Jews, Christians and Muslims, especially - can join together to build a not a perfect, but an incomparably better world than we live in today: a society of neighbors who are just and fair to each other.
The second half of the millennium has seen two world and several local wars. It saw nuclear incineration of entire populations. It invented a savage new crime against humanity: ethnic cleansing. The new millennium ought to be different. Let the people of faith and goodwill work together to turn it into a thousand years of peace and prosperity, love and mutuality.
Prophet Muhammad, (SAWS - Allah's Mercy & Peace be upon him), has foretold that 'fter many years of bad times, an era will come when humanity will re-commit itself to God and there will be peace and prosperity in the whole world.'
On the threshold of the next millennium, Muslims have a duty towards the world and towards the fellow humans. It is their unilateral obligation to invite others, and to work together in building a better and a peaceful world: a world which is free from oppression and exploitation, where rights are a reality and where justice prevails over hypocrisy.”
Dr. Shahid Athar , Millennium - An Islamic Perspective
(Millennium & Religions Conference. Chicago, Nov 20, 1995)
"Verse 3:81, among many other verses, provides the definitions of 'Nabi' (Prophet) and 'Rasoul' (Messenger). Thus, 'Nabi' is a messenger of God who delivers a new scripture, while 'Rasoul' is a messenger commissioned by God to confirm existing scripture; he does not bring a new scripture. According to the Quran, every 'Nabi' is a 'Rasoul,' but not every 'Rasoul' is a 'Nabi.' Not every messenger was given a new scripture. It is not logical that God will give a scripture to a prophet, then ask him to keep it exclusively for himself, as stated by some Muslim 'scholars' (2:42, 146, 159). Those who are not sufficiently familiar with the Quran tend to think that Aaron was a 'Nabi,' as stated in 19:53, who did not receive a scripture. However, the Quran clearly states that the Torah was given specifically 'to both Moses and Aaron' (21:48, 37:117). We learn from the Quran, 33:40, that Muhammad was the last prophet (Nabi), but not the last messenger (Rasoul):
"Muhammad was not the father of any of your men; he was a messenger (Rasoul) of God and the last prophet (Nabi).”[ 33:40 ] ...
The mission of God's Messenger of the Covenant is to confirm existing scriptures, purify them, and consolidate them into one divine message. The Quran states that such a messenger is charged with restoring God's message to its pristine purity, to lead the righteous believers - Jews, Christians, Muslims, Buddhists, Sikhs, Hindus, and others - out of darkness into the light (5:19 & 65:11).”
Mahmoud M. Ayoub
World Religions: The Islamic Tradition