The Matchless Devotion Of Shri Hanuman
On April 24, 1994, at about 7:00 p.m. Kash was told to ask a specific request from Shri Hanuman. He meditated and took along a coconut that had a swastika on it. The divine energy of The Mother Kundalini took him through the Sushumna Nadi to the Thousand-Petal Lotus — this was the Land of Nirvana that the ancient Buddhists knew existed within humans.
Kash floated slowly down into his spiritual body that was meditating beside the Great Adi Shakti. The Paramjyoti shone ever so brilliantly as the Great Primordial Goddess sat on the Supreme Throne in Bliss and Joy.
Kash bowed to the Devi, hands folded in reverence, and extended greetings. He then informed Her of his desire to visit Shri Hanuman, and the question that would be posed to Him. Shri Mataji, without any hesitation, agreed and levitated him. They then traveled across the universe at a velocity that NASA will find difficult to believe.
On the way they visited Shri Ganesha to offer the coconut. The Eternal Child was in meditation. Kash offered his customary greetings and respects, together with the coconut. Shri Ganesha, with His eyes still closed, bowed and thanked him.
The Divine Mother then levitated him again and soon reached Shri Hanuman's temple. It was a small structure and walled on all four sides. There was one window at the back with two on each side. Both entered by the front open entrance and walked to Shri Hanuman, who was in meditation.
Kash bowed to Him and asked the Adi Shakti again,” I want to see Shri Rama and Sita in His heart please.”Shri Hanuman opened His eyes as Shri Mataji translated the request into Sanskrit.
Shri Hanuman bowed down to Her, then gripped His chest from the center and slowly opened it. It was completely a mass of muscle fiber but there was no blood at all. Exactly at His heart Shri Sita and Shri Rama were sitting side by side in a squatting position and meditating. Kash continued looking at this unbelievable spectacle with the intensity of a child's curiosity.
Shri Hanuman then closed His chest again and Shri Mataji requested meditation.
However, Kash could not become thoughtless as the unforgettable sight of Shri Sita and Shri Rama actually meditating in the heart of Shri Hanuman kept whirling in his mind. He had never seen such an incredible spectacle — two Divine Deities in the heart of another Divine Deity! Shri Sita and Shri Rama were really in the heart of Shri Hanuman as the ancient scriptures had proclaimed. And now the Great Adi Shakti had fulfilled his desire to witness something that hundreds of millions of Hindus have believed for thousands of years.
When they had finished Kash bowed down to Shri Hanuman and again thanked Him for fulfilling his request. Shri Sacamara-ramavani-savya-daksina-sevita Devi and he then walked out of Shri Hanuman's small, simple temple and left for the Land of Primordial Light.
Before leaving Shri Mataji's place Kash stood up, bowed down with folded hands in obeisance, and thanked Her again. He then closed his spiritual eyes and left the Kingdom of Sadashiva in his Thousand-Petal Lotus to this misguided world of sacred cows and untouchable humans.
The First Fax
In December 1993, he typed a letter and faxed it from Montreal to Accosec Consultants Sdn. Bhd., Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It was addressed to the three individuals closest to him — Vipin Kumar Kothari (closest friend and partner in Accosec Consultants Senderian Berhad), B.S. Maan (brother attached to University Hospital, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia), and Srender Kaur (spouse on vacation). They would surely believe what was taking place.
The fact that these individuals were the first to be told about the mystical experiences of Kash goes a long way to confirm the authenticity of these initial divine Revelations, and all subsequent events, in Shri Adi Shakti: The Kingdom of God. This is because at that time Kash's father was far from confirming the link between the eternal spiritual Adi Shakti in Kash's Sahasrara with the transitory, physical Adi Shakti Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi on Earth.
It actually took him nearly one year to be 100% sure that these two personalities were one and the same. This delay was caused by his constant cross-examinations, the slightest doubt triggering off a chain of questions.
The contents of the fax below is irrefutable proof that neither Kash nor his father had any idea as to what was actually taking place on Earth.
This is page 2 of the fax sent to Mr. Vipin Kumar December 1993 at his firm Accosec Consultants Sdn. Bhd. K.L., Malaysia (fax no: 011603 2328 504);
(on page 2 of the original 1993 letter
"he describes the following:-
1) Lord Krishna
— He is blue in color.
2) Lord Shiva
— He lives far out in the Universe in a Land completely different from ours.
— He is surrounded by mountains and He sits on the highest one.
— He has a cobra snake around His neck. The cobra snake is coiled 3 times round His neck, with its head on Lord Shiva's right shoulder.
— He has His hair tied up in a bundle on top of the head, with the rest of it falling down His neck and shoulders.
— He is holding a trishul, with another cobra coiled around it.
— There are 2 bowls on both His sides and there is smoke coming out of them.
— On one occasion Kash saw both Lord Shiva and Lord Krishna walking away after meditation and talking to each other in a language that was like the mantra he recited in i.e. Sanskrit.
3) Lord Hanuman
We just told Kash after about a week to go and meditate with Lord Hanuman but never told him what he looked like. We just mentioned the name Hanuman to him and told him to ask Mother to take him there. When he came back from the meditation after about 1/2 an hour, he told us that he saw a baby-face God. Not satisfied with Kash's answer, I later asked him to describe what he saw. Again he said he saw a baby-face God. When I told him that it could have been a monkey-face God, he immediately said it was. Kash explained that he did not want to offend us by saying that God looked like a monkey. Then he said the following:
— that Lord Hanuman has a monkey face.
— that Lord Hanuman has a tail.
— that Lord Hanuman has wings like an angel.
— that Lord Hanuman was flying around in the air.
4) Lord Ganesha
— Kash had to go through a black hole to reach Lord Ganesha and came upon another world.
— that he felt very nice after crossing the black hole and approaching His world.
— Kash then saw an open-air temple with 4 pillars and a roof, but with no walls around.
— he saw Lord Ganesha meditating in the middle.
— he saw pictures of Mother, Lord Ganesha, Lord Shiva and Lord Krishna around Him.
— that Lord Ganesha has an elephant face.
— that He has 4 arms. He was meditating with 2 arms while 1 hand held a bowl from which smoke was coming out.
— that there was a mouse sitting beside Him.
— that His body was greyish in colour.
— that He has a big belly.
5) Lord Vishnu and Mahalakshmi
— that Mahalakshmi has a ring in Her nose and a tikka on Her forehead.
— that She has 4 arms.
— that She was wearing a pink coloured sari.
— that Lord Vishnu has 4 arms and in one of His hands there is a big seashell (sankh or conch.)
— that there is a 6 headed snake (Shri Shesha) standing and covering both of them.
— that there is mist emitting from around.
I don't think you guys will be able to believe all this, but better do, as I am a very skeptical person — I never before have believed anything to do with Hinduism before, given the odd-looking deities around. However since Kash has seen all of them in his meditation and has described with such clarity about deities which he has never seen before, I now believe He exists and is the Creator. Whenever Kash comes out of meditation, his face glows and his eyes radiate with bliss. He now meditates at 6:30 a.m. in the morning as well in the evening. I would want this information not to be told to every Tom, Dick or Harry — only to those who have some believe in God.
So all of you down there — I have to end here. I hope my requests can be taken care of. Please send your message via fax as it would be too expensive to talk over the phone. That is all for the time being. Take care and send my regards to all.
Kash will be visiting other deities soon. You will all be kept informed of his journeys.”
Note: Kash had actually said that Shri Hanuman was flying around in the air as if He had wings. The conditioned mind of his father, having seen drawings of winged Christian angels, thought he meant that Shri Hanuman had wings and wrote so. Later Kash clarified that Shri Hanuman had no wings but still could fly and hover around.
Known also as Anjaneya, Maruti, Pavanputra, Anjaniputra, Bajrang Bali and Hanumat, Hanuman's exploits are much celebrated in a variety of religious and cultural traditions, particularly in Hinduism, so much so that he is often the subject of worship according to some bhakti traditions.
Hanuman was born to Anjana, a female vanara, and Kesari, a male vanara, near Trimbakeshwar, Maharashtra. According to the Vedas, his mother was an apsara who was born on Earth as a female vanara due to a curse. She would be redeemed from this curse on her giving birth to an incarnation of Lord Shiva, who is also known as Rudra, that is also endowed with the Supreme Power of exalted devotion to Bhagwaan Hari. Hanuman is endowed with 28 transcendental divine opulences, with perfection in each.
Hanuman was born in Aanjan, a small village about 18 km away from Gumla. The name of the village is derived from the name of the goddess Anjani, mother of Mahaveer Hanuman. Aanjani Gufa (cave), 4 km from the village, is believed to be the place where Anjani once lived. Many objects of archaeological importance obtained from this site are now held at the Patna Museum. It is also debated that Hanuman was born on Anjaneya Hill, in Hampi, Karnataka, near the Risyamukha mountain on the banks of the Pampa, where Sugreeva and Sri Rama met. There is a temple that marks the spot.
Anjana, along with her husband Kesari, performed intense prayers to Lord Shiva to beget Him as her Child. Pleased with their devotion, Shiva granted them the boon they sought. Hence, Hanuman is also known as"Maharudra"because he was born of the boon given to Anjana by Shiva. The Valmiki Ramayana states that Kesari is the son of Brihaspati and that Kesari also fought on Rama's side in the war against Ravana.
Several different traditions account for Hanuman's birth. One is that at the time that Anjana was worshipping Lord Shiva, elsewhere, Dasharatha, the king of Ayodhya, was performing the Putrakama Yagna in order to have children. As a result, he received some sacred pudding, payasam, to be shared by his three wives, leading to the births of Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata, and Shatrughna. By divine ordinance, a kite snatched a fragment of that pudding and dropped it while flying over the forest where Anjana was engaged in worship. Vayu, the Hindu deity of the wind, delivered the falling pudding to the outstretched hands of Anjana, who consumed it. Hanuman was born to her as a result.
Hanuman, in one interpretation, is the incarnation or reflection of Shiva. Other interpretations, such as that of Dvaita, consider Hanuman to be the son of, or a manifestation of, Vayu, god of wind. When Ravana tried to enter the abode of Shiva, he called Nandishwara“A monkey.” Nandishwara in turn cursed Ravana, that a monkey would burn his Lanka.
Another story of Hanuman's origins is derived from the Vishnu Purana and Naradeya Purana. Narada, infatuated with a princess, went to his God Lord Vishnu, to make him look like Sri Vishnu, so that the princess would garland him at Swayamvara. He asked for a Hari-Mukh. Hari is the name of Lord Vishnu and Mukh means face. But Vishnu instead bestowed him with the face of a monkey. Unaware of this, Narada went to the princess, who burst into laughter at the sight of his monkey face before all the king's court. Narada, unable to bear the humiliation, cursed Vishnu, that Vishnu would one day be dependent upon a vanara. Vishnu replied that what he had done was for Narada's own good, as he would have undermined his own powers if he were to enter matrimony. Vishnu also noted that Narada's request for Hari has the dual Sanskrit meaning of vanara. Upon hearing this, Narada repented for cursing his idol. But Vishnu replied, do not repent as your curse will act as a boon, for this will lead to the birth of Hanuman, without whose help I cannot kill Ravana.
References to Hanuman in classical literature could be found as early as those of 5th to 1st century BC in Panini's Astadhyayi, Abhiseka Nataka, Pratima Nataka, and Kalidasa's
Childhood, education, and curse
As a child, believing the sun to be a ripe mango, Hanuman pursued it in order to eat it. Rahu, a Vedic planet corresponding to an eclipse, was at that time seeking out the sun as well, and he clashed with Hanuman. In the nature of Rahu, the Tamas Gu?a predominated. To convey a message to the universe that Satva Gu?a always prevails, Hanuman goes to take sun in his abode. Indra, king of devas, was approached by Rahu with disappointment, enraging Indra, who responded by throwing the Vajra (thunderbolt) at Hanuman, which struck his jaw. He fell back down to the earth and became unconscious. Upset, Vayu went into seclusion, taking the atmosphere with him. As living beings began to asphyxiate, Indra withdrew the effect of his thunderbolt, and the devas revived Hanuman and blessed him with multiple boons. A permanent mark was left on his chin (???? hanu?”jaw“In Sanskrit), explaining his name.
On ascertaining Surya, the Hindu deity of the sun, to be an all-knowing teacher, Hanuman raised his body into an orbit around the sun and requested that Surya accept him as a student. Surya refused, claiming that as he always had to be on the move in his chariot, it would be impossible for Hanuman to learn effectively. Undeterred by Surya's refusal, Hanuman enlarged his body, placed one leg on the eastern ranges and the other on the western ranges, and with his face turned toward the sun made his request again. Pleased by his persistence, Surya accepted. Hanuman then moved (backwards, to remain facing Surya) continuously with his teacher, and learned all of the latter's knowledge. When Hanuman then requested Surya to quote his"guru-dakshina” (teacher's fee), the latter refused, saying that the pleasure of teaching one as dedicated as him was the fee in itself. Hanuman insisted, whereupon Surya asked him to help his (Surya's) spiritual son Sugriva. Hanuman's choice of Surya as his teacher is said to signify Surya as a Karma Saakshi, an eternal witness of all deeds. Hanuman was mischievous in his childhood, and sometimes teased the meditating sages in the forests by snatching their personal belongings and by disturbing their well-arranged articles of worship. Finding his antics unbearable, but realizing that Hanuman was but a child, (albeit invincible), the sages placed a mild curse on him by which he became unable to remember his own ability unless reminded by another person. It is hypothesised that without this curse, the entire course of the Ramayana war might have been different, for he demonstrated phenomenal abilities during the war. The curse is highlighted in Kishkindha Kanda and Sundara Kanda when Jambavantha reminds (the quietly wondering) Hanuman of his abilities and encourages him to go and find Sita. The specific verse that is recited by Jambavantha is :
You are as powerful as the wind (Hanumanji was the son of Pawan, God of wind);
You are intelligent, illustrious & an inventor.
There is nothing in this world that's too difficult for you;
Whenever stuck, you are the one who can help.
Having seen Rama and Lakshmana, Sugriva sends Hanuman to ascertain their identities. Hanuman approaches the two brothers in the guise of a brahmin. His first words to them are such that Rama says to Lakshmana that none could speak the way the brahmin did unless he or she had mastered the Vedas. He notes that there is no defect in the brahmin's countenance, eyes, forehead, brows, or any limb. He points out to Lakshmana that his accent is captivating, adding that even an enemy with sword drawn would be moved. He praises the disguised Hanuman further, saying that sure success awaited the king whose emissaries were as accomplished as he was.
When Rama introduces himself, Hanuman reveals his own identity and falls prostrate before Rama, who embraces him warmly. Thereafter, Hanuman's life becomes interwoven with that of Rama. Hanuman then brings about a friendship and alliance between Rama and Sugriva; Rama helps Sugriva regain his honour and makes him king of Kishkindha. Sugriva and his vanaras, most notably Hanuman, help Rama defeat Ravana and reunite with Sita.
In their search for Sita, a group of Vanaras reaches the southern seashore. Upon encountering the vast ocean, every vanara begins to lament his inability to jump across the water. Hanuman too is saddened at the possible failure of his mission, until the other vanaras and the wise bear Jambavantha begin to extol his virtues. Hanuman then recollects his own powers, enlarges his body, and flies across the ocean. On his way, he encounters a mountain that rises from the sea, proclaims that it owed his father a debt, and asks him to rest a while before proceeding. Not wanting to waste any time, Hanuman thanks the mountain and carries on. He then encounters a sea-monster, Surasa, who challenges him to enter her mouth. When Hanuman outwits her, she admits that her challenge was merely a test of his courage. After killing Simhika, a rakshasa, he reaches Lanka.
Hanuman reaches Lanka and marvels at its beauty. After he finds Sita in captivity in a garden, Hanuman reveals his identity to her, reassures her that Rama has been looking for her, and uplifts her spirits. He offers to carry her back to Rama, but she refuses his offer, saying it would be an insult to Rama as his honour is at stake. After meeting Sita, Hanuman begins to wreak havoc, gradually destroying the palaces and properties of Lanka. He kills many rakshasas, including Jambumalli and Akshaa. To subdue him, Ravana's son Indrajit uses the Brahmastra. Though immune to the effects of this weapon Hanuman, out of respect to Brahma, allows himself be bound. Deciding to use the opportunity to meet Ravana, and to assess the strength of Ravana's hordes, Hanuman allows the rakshasa warriors to parade him through the streets. He conveys Rama's message of warning and demands the safe return of Sita. He also informs Ravana that Rama would be willing to forgive him if he returns Sita honourably.
Enraged, Ravana orders Hanuman's execution, whereupon Ravana's brother Vibheeshana intervenes, pointing out that it is against the rules of engagement to kill a messenger. Ravana then orders that Hanuman's tail be lit afire. As Ravana's forces attempted to wrap cloth around his tail, Hanuman begins to lengthen it. After frustrating them for a while, he allows it to burn, then escapes from his captors, and with his tail on fire he burns down large parts of Lanka. After extinguishing his flaming tail in the sea, he returns to Rama
When Lakshmana is severely wounded during the war against Ravana, Hanuman is sent to fetch the Sanjivani, a powerful life-restoring herb, from Dunagiri mountain in the Himalayas, to revive him. Ravana realises that if Lakshmana dies, a distraught Rama would probably give up, and so he dispatches the sorcerer Kalanemi to intercept Hanuman. Kalanemi, in the guise of a sage, deceives Hanuman, but Hanuman uncovers his plot with the help of an apsara, whom he rescues from her accursed state as a crocodile.
Lifting a mountain
Hanuman was also called"langra veer"; langra in Hindi means lame and veer means"bravest of brave.” The story behind Hanuman being called langra is as follows. He was injured when he was crossing the Ayodhya with the mountain in his hands. As he was crossing over Ayodhya, Bharat, Rama's young brother, saw him and assumed that some Rakshasa was taking this mountain to attack Ayodhya. Bharat then shot Rama with an arrow, which was engraved with Rama's name. Hanuman did not stop this arrow as it had Rama's name written on it, and it injured his leg. Hanuman landed and explained to Bharat that he was moving the mountain to save his own brother, Lakshmana. Bharat, very sorry, offered to fire an arrow to Lanka, which Hanuman could ride in order to reach his destination more easily. But Hanuman declined the offer, preferring to fly on his own, and he continued his journey with his injured leg.
In another incident during the war, Rama and Lakshmana are captured by the rakshasa Mahiravana (or Ahiravan), brother of Ravana, who held them captive in their palace in Patala (or Patalpuri)—the netherworld. Mahiravana keeps them as offerings to his deity. Searching for them, Hanuman reaches Patala, the gates of which are guarded by a young creature called Makardhwaja (known also as Makar-Dhwaja or Magar Dhwaja), who is part reptile and part Vanara.
The story of Makardhwaja's birth is said to be that when Hanuman extinguished his burning tail in the ocean, a drop of his sweat fell into the waters, eventually becoming Makardhwaja, who perceives Hanuman as his father. When Hanuman introduces himself to Makardhwaja, the latter asks his blessings, but fights him to fulfill the task of guarding the gate. Hanuman defeats and imprisons him to gain entry.
Upon entering Patala, Hanuman discovers that to kill Mahiravana, he must simultaneously extinguish five lamps burning in different directions. Hanuman assumes the Panchamukha or five-faced form of Sri Varaha facing north, Sri Narasimha facing south, Sri Garuda facing west, Sri Hayagriva facing the sky and his own facing the east, and blows out the lamps. Hanuman then rescues Rama and Lakshmana. Afterwards, Rama asks Hanuman to crown Makardhwaja king of Patala. Hanuman then instructs Makardhwaja to rule Patala with justice and wisdom.
When the war ends, Rama's 14-year exile has almost elapsed. Rama then remembers Bharata's vow to immolate himself if Rama does not return to rule Ayodhya immediately, on completion of the stipulated period. Realising that it would be a little later than the last day of the 14 years when he would reach Ayodhya, Rama is anxious to prevent Bharata from giving up his life. Hanuman therefore flies to Ayodhya to inform Bharata that Rama is on his way home.
HonoursShortly after he is crowned Emperor upon his return to Ayodhya, Rama decides to ceremoniously reward all his well-wishers. At a grand ceremony in his court, all his friends and allies take turns being honoured at the throne. Hanuman approaches without desiring a reward. Seeing Hanuman come up to him, an emotionally overwhelmed Rama embraces him warmly, declaring that he could never adequately honour or repay Hanuman for the help and services he received from the noble Vanara. Sita, however, insists that Hanuman deserved honour more than anyone else, and Sita gives him a necklace of precious stones adorning her neck.
When he receives it, Hanuman immediately takes it apart, and peers into each stone. Taken aback, many of those present demand to know why he is destroying the precious gift. Hanuman answers that he was looking into the stones to make sure that Rama and Sita are in them, because if they are not, the necklace is of no value to him. At this, a few mock Hanuman, saying his reverence and love for Rama and Sita could not possibly be as deep as he implies. In response, Hanuman tears his chest open, and everyone is stunned to see Rama and Sita literally in his heart.
After the victory of Rama over Ravana, Hanuman went to the Himalayas to continue his worship of the Lord. There he scripted a version of the Ramayana on the Himalayan mountains using his nails, recording every detail of Rama's deeds. When Maharishi Valmiki visited him to show him his own version of the Ramayana, he saw Hanuman's version and became very disappointed.
When Hanuman asked Valmiki the cause of his sorrow, the sage said that his version, which he had created very laboriously, was no match for the splendour of Hanuman's, and would therefore go ignored. At this, Hanuman discarded his own version, which is called the Hanumad Ramayana. Maharishi Valmiki was so taken aback that he said he would take another birth to sing the glory of Hanuman which he had understated in his version.
Later, one tablet is said to have floated ashore during the period of Mahakavi Kalidasa, and hung at a public place to be deciphered by scholars. Kalidasa is said to have deciphered it and recognised that it was from the Hanumad Ramayana recorded by Hanuman in an extinct script, and considered himself very fortunate to see at least one pada of the stanza.
After the Ramayana war
After the war, and after reigning for several years, the time arrived for Rama to depart to his heavenly abode. Many of Rama's entourage, including Sugriva, decided to depart with him. Hanuman, however, requested to remain on earth as long as Rama's name was venerated by people. Sita accorded Hanuman that desire, and granted that his image would be installed at various public places, so he could listen to people chanting Rama's name. He is one of the immortals of Hinduism
Notes 1. Singaravelu Sachithanantham (2004). The Ramayana Tradition in Southeast Asia. University of Malaya Press. ISBN 983-100-234-2.
2. Orlando O. Espín, James B. Nickoloff, An introductory dictionary of theology and religious studies. 2007, page 537
3. Rosen, Steven. Essential Hinduism. 2006, page 67-8
5. Sri Ramakrishna Math (1985)"Hanuman Chalisa"p. 5
6. Sri Ramakrishna Math (1985)"Hanuman Chalisa"pp. 5-6
7. Sri Ramakrishna Math (1985)"Hanuman Chalisa"p. 6
8. Sri Ramakrishna Math (1985)"Hanuman Chalisa"p. 7
9. Sri Ramakrishna Math (1985)"Hanuman Chalisa"p. 7
10. a b Sri Ramakrishna Math (1985)“Hanuman Chalisa"p. 8
11. a b Lutgendorf, Philip. Hanuman's tale: the messages of a divine monkey. 2007, page 147
12. a b Sri Ramakrishna Math (1985)"Hanuman Chalisa"p. 9
"Prabhu Charitra Sunibe Ko Rasiya Ram Lakhan Sita Man.
You revel in listening to the lore of Lord, enshrining in Your Heart Ram, Laxman and Sita.
Sadhu Sant Ke Tum Rakhware. Asur Nikandan Ram Dulare.
You are the Protector of the Good and Saintly. You are the Destroyer of the Asurahs, the evil forces.
Ashta Siddhi Nav Nidhi Ke Data. As Bar Deen Janaki Mata.
The Divine Mother Janaki bestowed on You the boon of being the dispenser of eight Siddhis (Yogic Powers) And nine types of Wealth.
Ram Rasayan Tumhare Pasa Sada Raho Raghupati Ke Dasa.
You possess the Divine Elixir of Ram's Name. You are ever the servant of Lord Ram.”
Sahaja Yoga Mantra Book, Shri Hanumana Chalisa,
Computex Graphics, Bombay, India, 1996 p. 158-63.
“Haanuman, the trusted general of the monkey army, whose deeds are celebrated in the Ramayana, represents the ideal bhakta (devotee), who serves his master with unquestioning loyalty and obedience. By fulfilling Rama's every need and wish, he himself was fulfilled and achieved great spiritual freedom.
Hanuman's humility and service provide a spiritual model for many Hindus, and he is also respected for his considerable knowledge. Because of the healing herb he administered to save the lives of Rama and Lakshmana when they were mortally wounded in battle, his blessings are sought for protection and good health, especially of children.”
Professor Mary McGee, Eastern Wisdom (Hinduism)
Duncan Baird Publishers, England, 1996 p. 37.
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